Differences in BMD per category of plasma vitB12 level, relative to category 1
♀: FN: no differences ♀: LS: vitB12 in cat 2 (P < 0.10), 3, 4 (P < 0.05) was assoc. with better BMD ♀: TH: vitB12 in cat 3, 4 (P < 0.10) was assoc. with better BMD ♂: FN: vitB12 in cat 2, 3, 4 was assoc. with better BMD (P < 0.05) ♂ LS: no differences ♂ TH: vitB12 in cat 2 (P < 0.10), 3, 4 (P < 0.05) was assoc. with better BMDn
*Serum/plasma vitamin B12 concentrations were converted to pmol/L if applicable, using the following equation: 1 pg/mL = 1 ng/L = 0.738 pmol/L. subsequent outcomes were also converted. Where possible, subgroups were combined. BMD sites: LS: Lumbar Spine, FN: Femoral Neck, TH: Total Hip.
1β(SE) as calculated from data provided by author; 2β (SE) as calculated from presented data.
aadjusted for age, BMI, smoking, recurrent falling; badjusted for age, BMI, smoking, coffee intake, physical activity, vit D use, educational level, estrogen use in women; cadjusted for sex, age, height, weight, estrogen use in women; dadjusted for age, sex, education, osteoporosis drugs, creatinine, tHcy; eadjusted for duration of menopause, smoking, BMI, folic acid levels, tHcy levels; fadjusted for age, BMI, logtHcy, logFolate, creatinine clearance, smoking, alcohol intake; gAdjusted for age, weight, weight change; hadjusted for weight, height, energy intake; iadjusted for smoking, BMI, creatinin, coffee intake, physical activity, use of estrogen therapy; jadjusted for age, folate, tHcy, PTH, CTx, Ca, Cr; kAdjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, BMI, smoking, physical activity, creatinin, alcohol, coffee, energy, calcium, vitamin D zinc intake; Ladjusted for age, BMI, tHcy and folate; madjusted for Age, BMI, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, tHcy, Folate; nadjusted for energy, calcium, vitamin D intake, BMI, height, smoking, age, physical activity, calcium supplement, vitamin D supplement, alcohol, osteoporosis medication, season of measurement.