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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 572132, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/572132
Research Article

A Scientific Assessment of Sociodemographic Factors, Physical Activity Level, and Nutritional Knowledge as Determinants of Dietary Quality among Indo-Mauritian Women

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

Received 26 March 2013; Revised 10 May 2013; Accepted 10 May 2013

Academic Editor: Christel Lamberg-Allardt

Copyright © 2013 Yashvee Dunneram and Rajesh Jeewon. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A healthy diet is of particular concern throughout the life of women to avoid many chronic illnesses especially during their 30s to 50s. There are published data on dietary quality and its determinants among women, but there is a lack of similar data regarding women in Mauritius. This study aimed to investigate the association between age and dietary quality in relation to sociodemographic factors, physical activity level (PAL) and nutritional knowledge (NK). A survey-based study was conducted in 2012 among Indo-Mauritian women including 117 young ( ), 160 reaching middle age ( ) and 50 middle-aged ( ). Validated questionnaires were used to elicit information on the determinants. A food frequency table consisting of 18 food items was used to assess dietary quality. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the association between various factors and dietary quality. The mean dietary score of middle-aged women ( ) was closer to recommended dietary guidelines compared to young women ( ), and women reaching middle age ( ). Educational level, PAL, NK, and age were main determinants of dietary quality among Indo-Mauritian women ( ). Younger women with low educational level, PAL, and NK are at risk of poor dietary quality.