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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 636585, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/636585
Clinical Study

Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors in Child Bearing Age Women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

1Princess Nora Bint Abdullah Chair for Women’s Health Research, Research Chair Program, King Saud University, P.O. Box 231831, Riyadh 11321, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Family & Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Gulf Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4Council of Cooperative Health Insurance, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6Central Hospital Laboratory, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Received 31 March 2013; Revised 5 August 2013; Accepted 20 August 2013

Academic Editor: H. K. Biesalski

Copyright © 2013 AlJohara M. AlQuaiz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To determine the prevalence and risk factors for anemia in child bearing age women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Design. Cross-sectional survey was conducted using two-stage cluster sampling. 25 clusters (primary health care centers (PHCC)) were identified from all over Riyadh, and 45–50 households were randomly selected from each cluster. Eligible women were invited to PHCC for questionnaire filling, anthropometric measurements, and complete blood count. Blood hemoglobin was measured with Coulter Cellular Analysis System using light scatter method. Setting. PHCC. Subjects. 969 (68%) women out of 1429 women were included in the analysis. Results. Mean hemoglobin was 12.35 ( ) g/dL, 95% CI 12.24–12.46 with interquartile range of 1.9. Anemia (Hb <12 g/dL) was present in 40% (390) women. Mean (±SD) for MCH, MCV, MCHC, and RDW was 79.21 (±12.17) fL, 26.37 (±6.21) pg, 32.36 (±4.91) g/dL, and 14.84 (±4.65)%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that having family history of iron deficiency anemia (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.78–4.76) and infrequent intake of meat (OR 1.54, 95%CI 1.15–2.05) were associated with increased risk of anemia, whereas increasing body mass index (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.92–0.97) was associated with reduced risk of anemia. Conclusion. Women should be educated about proper diet and reproductive issues in order to reduce the prevalence of anemia in Saudi Arabia.