Table 2: Characteristics of child bearing age women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

CharacteristicNumber of participants
(%)

Age
 Mean (SD) range: 15–4929.05 (±10.14)
Education
 University166 (17.1)
 Secondary212 (21.9)
 Intermediate196 (20)
 Primary177 (18.4)
 Illiterate218 (22.6)
Marital status
 Single425 (43.9)
 Married499 (51.8)
 Widow29 (2.8)
 Divorce/separated16 (1.6)
Occupation ( )
 Office employee102 (14)
 Student210 (28.6)
 House wife492 (57.4)
Body mass index ( )
 Normal (18.5–24.9 kg/m2)331 (35.7)
 Underweight (<18.5 kg/m2)54 (5.8)
 Overweight (≥25–29.9 kg/m2)241 (26)
 Obese (≥30 kg/m2)302 (32.5)
Menstrual history
Frequency of menstruation ( )
 Once per month865 (89.2)
 Twice or more per month34 (3.5)
Duration of menstruation ( )
 Normal duration (5–7 days)773 (94)
 ≥8 days per month49 (6)
Passing clots during menstruation ( )
 No737 (76.5)
 Yes227 (23.5)
Heavy flow of menstrual blood ( )
 No807 (83.7)
 Yes157 (16.3)
Obstetric history
Number of children ( )
 Children 1–5 310 (66.5)
 Children >5 156 (33.5)
Birth interval ( )
 >1 year364 (84.5)
 ≤1 year67 (15.5)
Use of oral contraceptive pills ( )
 No 430 (69)
 Yes194 (31)
Duration of oral contraceptive use ( )
 <2 years114 (58.7)
 >2 to <5 years59 (28)
 >5 years21 (10)
Use of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) ( )
 No447 (87.8)
 Yes62 (12.2)
Dietary factors
Red meat ( )
 Yes 514 (53.3)
 No450 (46.7)
Vegetables
 Yes626 (64.7)
 No343 (35.3)
Tea and coffee
 Yes 264 (27.4)
 No700 (72.6)
Juices
 Yes 220 (21.6)
 No748 (77.4)
Soft drinks ( )
 Yes 363 (37.7)
 No601 (62.3)
Diluted yogurt (lasi)
 Yes 521 (54)
 No443 (46)
Eggs
 Yes430 (44.4)
 No539 (55.6)
Disease status
Peptic ulcer
 No 931 (96.6)
 Yes33 (3.4)
Hemorrhoids ( )
 No916 (95)
 Yes48 (5)
Cancer ( )
 No 950 (98.5)
 Yes14 (1.5)
Bilharzias
 No 952 (98.8)
 Yes12 (1.2)
Blood transfusion
 No 950 (98.5)
 Yes14 (1.5)
Past history of hereditary blood disorder
 No 955 (99.1)
 Yes9 (0.9)
Family history of hereditary blood disorder
 No 954 (99)
 Yes10 (1.0)
Past history of iron deficiency anemia
 No863 (89.5)
 Yes101 (10.5)
Past family history of iron deficiency anemia
 No874 (90.7)
 Yes90 (9.3)