Table 3: Univariate analysis showing association of sociodemographic, gynecological/obstetrics, dietary and health status variables with anemia in child bearing age women, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

VariablesAnemic 
(40%)
Normal 
(60%)
UOR (95% CI)

BMI
 Mean (SD)26.54 (±6.87)28.08 (±9.37)0.97 (0.95–0.98)
Gynecological/obstetric factors
Clots during menstruation
 No314 (81)423 (73.4)1.00
 Yes74 (19)153 (26.6)0.65 (0.47–0.89)
Flooding during menstruation
 No336 (86.6)471 (82)1.00
 Yes52 (13.4)105 (18)0.69
(0.48–0.92)
Number of children
 <5114 (61)196 (70.3)1.00
 ≥573 (39)83 (29.7)1.52 (1.02–2.23)
Birth interval
 >1 year106 (79.7)184 (89.8)1.00
 ≤1 year27 (20.3)21 (10.2)2.23 (1.20–4.41)
Dietary factors
Red meat
 Yes 194 (49.7)324 (56)
 No196 (50.3)255 (44)1.28 (1.02–1.66)
Laban (lasi)
 Yes 225 (58)296 (51.5)
 No163 (42)280 (48.6)0.77 (0.59–0.99)
Disease status
Bilharzias
 No 382 (98)575 (99.3)1.00
 Yes8 (2)4 (0.7)3.01 (0.90–10.06)
Past history of IDA*
 No 327 (83.8)541 (93.4)1.00
 Yes63 (16.2)38 (6.6)2.74 (1.79–4.19)
Family history of IDA*
  No 335 (86)544 (94)1.00
 Yes55 (14)35 (6)2.55 (1.63–3.98)

Iron deficiency anemia.