Table 8: Fatty acid composition of brains of pups, on days 8 and 21 after birth, nursed by dams fed the soybean oil or shortening diet.

Days after birth 8 21 82
GroupSODSHDSODSHDSODSHD
91010101010

Brain (g/100 g BW) 4.35 ± 0.40a 4.20 ± 0.28a2.48 ± 0.29b2.29 ± 0.27b0.62 ± 0.16c0.55 ± 0.14c
Total fat (mg/g brain) 12.9 ± 3.11c 15.1 ± 5.16c34.0 ± 8.09b34.3 ± 4.12b65.3 ± 10.2a65.2 ± 4.09a
Saturated53.3 ± 3.06a52.0 ± 1.23ab49.1 ± 1.62b54.1 ± 2.61a45.3 ± 2.08c45.5 ± 0.39c
Monounsaturated17.5 ± 2.05d19.7 ± 0.98c20.3 ± 0.81bc21.9 ± 1.24b30.0 ± 0.72a29.2 ± 0.95a
 18:1 transn.d.b0.56 ± 0.24an.d.bn.d.bn.d.bn.d.b
Polyunsaturated
 n-616.9 ± 2.83a18.6 ± 0.65a17.4 ± 0.98a15.7 ± 2.77ab11.8 ± 1.06c13.7 ± 1.16b
 n-312.3 ± 0.38a8.52 ± 0.47b12.3 ± 0.38a8.18 ± 1.15b11.4 ± 0.76a11.4 ± 0.62a
 n-6/n-31.342.181.411.921.041.20
 Unknown0.000.620.900.121.500.20

Values are means ± SD. Values not sharing common superscript letters are significantly different at .