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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 158434, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/158434
Research Article

Renewable Energy Driven by Le Chatelier's Principle, Enzyme Function, and Non-Additive Contributions to Ion Fluctuations: A Hypothesis in Biomechanical and Nanotechnology Energy Theory

Nanotoxicology Unit, Western Norway Research Institute, Fossahaugane Campus, 6851 Sogndal, Norway

Received 11 November 2010; Accepted 17 January 2011

Academic Editor: John A. Capobianco

Copyright © 2011 Sergio Manzetti. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The search for green energy sources has populated the research arena with significant emphasis on green electronics, green fuels, and green batteries that reduce waste, emissions, and environmental toxicity. Simultaneously, nanotechnology has developed substantially in the recent years and the emerging area of nanoenergetics has shown impressive discoveries that can aid in the search for alternative and green energies. The use of exotic materials in these fields and even enzymes has led scientists to be able to cross-link biomolecules and nanotechnology circuits, which can be important points in the search of novel energy searches. This paper discusses a biochemical energy-generating unit driven by ion fluctuations and spontaneous enzyme conformational changes. The paper lays also the theoretical thermodynamical foundation of the nanoenergy unit and to exploit the principle of nonadditivity and equilibrium as main forces in driving an energy-generating reaction.