About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 259869, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/259869
Research Article

Nanosensor Data Processor in Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata

1Department of Computer Science, College of Engineering, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A Merritt Blvd, Nashville, TN 37209, USA
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A Merritt Blvd, Nashville, TN 37209, USA

Received 7 August 2013; Accepted 14 December 2013; Published 9 February 2014

Academic Editor: Valery Khabashesku

Copyright © 2014 Fenghui Yao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. Ermolov, M. Heino, A. Kärkkäinen et al., “Significance of nanotechnology for future wireless devices and communications,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC '07), Athens, Greece, September 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nature Materials, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 442–453, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Xu, Y. Qin, C. Xu, Y. Wei, R. Yang, and Z. L. Wang, “Self-powered nanowire devices,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 366–373, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Yan, H. S. Choe, S. Nam et al., “Programmable nanowire circuits for nanoprocessors,” Nature, vol. 470, no. 7333, pp. 240–244, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Patolsky and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowire nanosensors,” Materials Today, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 20–28, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. I. F. Akyildiz and J. M. Jornet, “Electromagnetic wireless nanosensor networks,” Nano Communication Networks, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3–19, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), 2007, http://www.itrs.net/.
  8. C. S. Lent, P. D. Tougaw, W. Porod, and G. H. Bernstein, “Quantum cellular automata,” Nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 49–57, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. I. Amlani, A. O. Orlov, R. K. Kummamuru, G. H. Bernstein, C. S. Lent, and G. L. Snider, “Experimental demonstration of a leadless quantum-dot cellular automata cell,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 738–740, 2000. View at Scopus
  10. R. P. Cowburn and M. E. Welland, “Room temperature magnetic quantum cellular automata,” Science, vol. 287, no. 5457, pp. 1466–1468, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. K. Kummamuru, A. O. Orlov, R. Ramasubramaniam, C. S. Lent, G. H. Bernstein, and G. L. Snider, “Operation of a quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) shift register and analysis of errors,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 50, no. 9, pp. 1906–1913, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. O. Orlov, I. Amlani, G. Toth, C. S. Lent, G. H. Bernstein, and G. L. Snider, “Experimental demonstration of a binary wire for quantum-dot cellular automata,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 74, no. 19, pp. 2875–2877, 1999. View at Scopus
  13. H. Qi, S. Sharma, Z. Li et al., “Molecular quantum cellular automata cells. Electric field driven switching of a silicon surface bound array of vertically oriented two-dot molecular quantum cellular automata,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 125, no. 49, pp. 15250–15259, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. DeHon and M. J. Wilson, “Nanowire-based sublithographic programmable logic arrays,” in Proceedings of the ACM/SIGDA 12th ACM International Symposium on Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA '04), pp. 123–132, February 2004. View at Scopus
  15. J. M. Seminario, P. A. Derosa, L. E. Cordova, and B. H. Bozard, “A molecular device operating at terahertz frequencies: theoretical simulations,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 215–218, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. Wang and M. Lieberman, “Thermodynamic behavior of molecular-scale quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) wires and logic devices,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 368–376, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. O. Orlov, I. Amlani, G. H. Bernstein, C. S. Lent, and G. L. Snider, “Realization of a functional cell for quantum-dot cellular automata,” Science, vol. 277, no. 5328, pp. 928–930, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. S. Lent and P. D. Tougaw, “A device architecture for computing with quantum dots,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 541–557, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Cho and E. E. Swartzlander Jr., “Adder and multiplier design in quantum-dot cellular automata,” IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 721–727, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. Liu, L. Lu, M. O'Neill, and E. E. Swartzlander, “Design rules for quantum-dot cellular automata,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium of Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '11), pp. 2361–2364, May 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. Liu, L. Lu, M. Orneill, E. E. Swartzlander Jr., and R. Woods, “Design of quantum-dot cellular automata circuits using cut-set retiming,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1150–1160, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. Kim, K. Wu, and R. Karri, “Towards designing robust QCA architectures in the presence of sneak noise paths,” in Proceedings of the Design, Automation and Test in Europe (DATE '05), vol. 2, pp. 1214–1219, March 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Walus and G. A. Jullien, “Design tools for an emerging SoC technology: quantum-dot cellular automata,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 1225–1243, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Crocker, M. Niemier, X. S. Hu, and M. Lieberman, “Molecular QCA design with chemically reasonable constraints,” ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems, vol. 4, no. 2, article 9, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Zhang, K. Walus, W. Wang, and G. A. Jullien, “A method of majority logic reduction for quantum cellular automata,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 443–450, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Lu, W. Liu, M. O'Neill, and E. E. Swartzlander Jr., “QCA systolic matrix multiplier,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI (ISVLSI '10), pp. 149–154, July 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. I. Hanninen and J. Takala, “Robust adders based on quantum-dot cellular automata,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Application-Specific Systems, Architecture Processors, pp. 391–396, 2007.
  28. V. Pudi and K. Sridharan, “Low complexity design of ripple carry and brent-kung adders in QCA,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 105–119, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. D. Tougaw and C. S. Lent, “Logical devices implemented using quantum cellular automata,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 1818–1825, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. W. Wang, K. Walus, and G. Jullien, “Quantum-dot cellular automata adders,” in Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, pp. 461–464, 2003.
  31. R. Zhang, K. Walus, W. Wang, and G. A. Jullien, “Performance comparison of quantum-dot cellular automata adders,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '05), pp. 2522–2526, May 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus