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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 398569, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/398569
Review Article

Application of Iron Oxide Nanomaterials for the Removal of Heavy Metals

1Department of Chemistry, Krantiguru Shyamji Krishna Verma Kachchh University, Mundra Road, Bhuj, Gujarat 370 001, India
2Chemical Engineering Department, Government Engineering College, Bhuj, Gujarat 370 001, India

Received 15 July 2013; Revised 24 December 2013; Accepted 1 January 2014; Published 19 February 2014

Academic Editor: Bobby G. Sumpter

Copyright © 2014 Pragnesh N. Dave and Lakhan V. Chopda. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the 21st century water polluted by heavy metal is one of the environment problems. Various methods for removal of the heavy metal ions from the water have extensively been studied. Application of iron oxide nanaparticles based nanomaterials for removal of heavy metals is well-known adsorbents for remediation of water. Due to its important physiochemical property, inexpensive method and easy regeneration in the presence of external magnetic field make them more attractive toward water purification. Surface modification strategy of iron oxide nanoparticles is also used for the remediation of water increases the efficiency of iron oxide for the removal of the heavy metal ions from the aqueous system.