Table 1: Characteristics of SHIELD respondents with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus reporting exercising regularly or trying to lose weight.

Exercised regularlyTried to lose weight
CharacteristicsT2DM( )No DM( )T2DM( )No DM( )

Age, years, mean (SD)63.1 (11.9) 56.3 (16.1)58.3 (12.0) 53.7 (15.2)
Women, %50546465
White, %87 9086 90
Income, % with ≤ 35,000/year44 3152 40
Education, % with no more than a high school degree28 1935 27
Baseline weight, lbs, mean (SD)197.4 (49.6) 178.0 (41.4)225.4 (56.6) 201.7 (48.0)
Normal weight (BMI 25.0 kg/ )17 354 12
Overweight(BMI = 25.0−29.9 kg/ )39362331
Obese (BMI 30 kg/ )44 2973 57

for comparison of T2DM versus No DM; T2DM = type 2 diabetes mellitus, DM = diabetes mellitus, BMI = body mass index