About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 218250, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/218250
Review Article

Obesity and Cancer Screening according to Race and Gender

1Department of Family and Community Medicine, Christiana Care Health System, 1400 North Washington Street, Room 328, Wilmington, DE 19801, USA
2Department of Family and Community Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
3Division of Population Science, Department of Medical Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
4Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE 19713, USA

Received 2 August 2011; Accepted 24 October 2011

Academic Editor: Francesco Saverio Papadia

Copyright © 2011 Heather Bittner Fagan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts and Figures 2007, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2007.
  2. E. E. Calle, C. Rodriguez, K. Walker-Thurmond, and M. J. Thun, “Overweight, obesity, and mortality from cancer in a prospectively studied cohort of U.S. Adults,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348, no. 17, pp. 1625–1638, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. C. Buschemeyer III and S. J. Freedland, “Obesity and prostate cancer: epidemiology and clinical implications,” European Urology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 331–343, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Nelson, “Unequal treatment: confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care,” Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 666–668, 2002. View at Scopus
  5. E. Ward, A. Jemal, V. Cokkinides et al., “Cancer disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status,” Ca-A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 78–93, 2004. View at Scopus
  6. American Cancer Society, Colorectal Cancer Facts and Figures 2008–2010, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2008.
  7. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, L. R. Curtin, M. A. McDowell, C. J. Tabak, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999–2004,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 295, no. 13, pp. 1549–1555, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. M. Gill, H. B. Fagan, B. Townsend, and A. G. Mainous, “Impact of providing a medical home to the uninsured: evaluation of a statewide program,” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 515–535, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. D. Scales Jr., L. H. Curtis, R. D. Norris, K. A. Schulman, P. Dahm, and J. W. Moul, “Relationship between body mass index and prostate cancer screening in the United States,” Journal of Urology, vol. 177, no. 2, pp. 493–498, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. H. Fowke, L. B. Signorello, W. Underwood III, F. A. M. Ukoli, and W. J. Blot, “Obesity and prostate cancer screening among African-American and Causian men,” Prostate, vol. 66, no. 13, pp. 1371–1380, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. R. Fontaine, M. Heo, and D. B. Allison, “Obesity and prostate cancer screening in the USA,” Public Health, vol. 119, no. 8, pp. 694–698, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. M. Ferrante, P. H. Chen, B. F. Crabtree, and D. Wartenberg, “Cancer screening in women. Body mass index and adherence to physician recommendations,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 525–531, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. M. Ferrante, P. H. Chen, and A. Jacobs, “Breast and cervical cancer screening in obese minority women,” Journal of Women's Health, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 531–541, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. C. Wee, R. S. Phillips, and E. P. McCarthy, “BMI and cervical cancer screening among white, African-American, and hispanic women in the United States,” Obesity Research, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1275–1280, 2005. View at Scopus
  15. C. C. Wee, E. P. McCarthy, R. B. Davis, and R. S. Phillips, “Screening for cervical and breast cancer: is obesity an unrecognized barrier to preventive care?” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 132, no. 9, pp. 697–704, 2000. View at Scopus
  16. K. Zhu, H. Wu, I. Jatoi, J. Potter, and C. Shriver, “Body mass index and use of mammography screening in the United States,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 381–385, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. C. Wee, E. P. McCarthy, R. B. Davis, and R. S. Phillips, “Obesity and breast cancer screening,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 324–331, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. American Cancer Society, Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Facts and Figures 2008, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2008.
  19. A. F. Jerant, J. J. Fenton, and P. Franks, “Determinants of racial/ethnic colorectal cancer screening disparities,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 168, no. 12, pp. 1317–1324, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. American Cancer Society, Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Facts and Figures 2009, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2009.
  21. American Cancer Society, Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Facts and Figures 2010, 2011.
  22. V. W. Chang, D. A. Asch, and R. M. Werner, “Quality of care among obese patients,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 303, no. 13, pp. 1274–1281, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Banerjea, P. Findley, and U. Sambamoorthi, “Disparities in preventive care by body mass index categories among women,” Women and Health, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1–17, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. S. Mitchell, R. S. Padwal, A. W. Chuck, and S. W. Klarenbach, “Cancer screening among the overweight and obese in Canada,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 127–132, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Wu, K. Zhu, M. Shah, R. J. Lipnick, and T.-C. Kao, “BMI and cervical cancer screening among white, African-American, and hispanic women in the United States,” Obesity, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 526–527, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. N. K. Amy, A. Aalborg, P. Lyons, and L. Keranen, “Barriers to routine gynecological cancer screening for White and African-American obese women,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 147–155, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. T. Østbye, D. H. Taylor Jr., W. S. Yancy Jr., and K. M. Krause, “Associations between obesity and receipt of screening mammography, papanicolaou tests, and influenza vaccination: Results from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) Study,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 95, no. 9, pp. 1623–1630, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. D. Datta, G. A. Colditz, I. Kawachi, S. V. Subramanian, J. R. Palmer, and L. Rosenberg, “Individual-, neighborhood-, and state-level socioeconomic predictors of cervical carcinoma screening among U.-S. black women: a multilevel analysis,” Cancer, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 664–669, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. S. Coughlin, R. J. Uhler, H. I. Hall, and P. A. Briss, “Nonadherence to breast and cervical cancer screening: what are the linkages to chronic disease risk?” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 1, no. 1, p. A04, 2004. View at Scopus
  30. K. R. Fontaine, M. Heo, and D. B. Allison, “Body weight and cancer screening among women,” Journal of Women's Health and Gender-Based Medicine, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 463–470, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. R. Fontaine, M. S. Faith, D. B. Allison, and L. J. Cheskin, “Body weight and health care among women in the general population,” Archives of Family Medicine, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 381–384, 1998. View at Scopus
  32. K. J. Muus, T. Baker-Demaray, L. R. McDonald et al., “Body mass index and cancer screening in older American Indian and Alaska Native men,” Journal of Rural Health, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 104–108, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. L. Adams-Campbell, K. Makambi, C. P. Mouton, J. R. Palmer, and L. Rosenberg, “Colonoscopy utilization in the black women's health study,” Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 237–242, 2010. View at Scopus
  34. L. A. Leone, M. K. Campbell, J. A. Satia, J. Michael Bowling, and M. P. Pignone, “Race moderates the relationship between obesity and colorectal cancer screening in women,” Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 373–385, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. S. James, L. Leone, M. L. Katz, L. H. McNeill, and M. K. Campbell, “Multiple health behaviors among overweight, class i obese, and class ii obese persons,” Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 157–162, 2008. View at Scopus
  36. J. M. Ferrante, P. Ohman-Strickland, S. V. Hudson, K. A. Hahn, J. G. Scott, and B. F. Crabtree, “Colorectal cancer screening among obese versus non-obese patients in primary care practices,” Cancer Detection and Prevention, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 459–465, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Menis, B. Kozlovsky, P. Langenberg et al., “Body mass index and up-to-date colorectal cancer screening among Marylanders aged 50 years and older,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 3, no. 3, p. A88, 2006. View at Scopus
  38. D. Vlahov, J. Ahern, T. Vazquez et al., “Racial/ethnic differences in screening for colon cancer: report from the New York cancer project,” Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 76–83, 2005. View at Scopus
  39. M. Heo, D. B. Allison, and K. R. Fontaine, “Overweight, obesity, and colorectal cancer screening: disparity between men and women,” BMC Public Health, vol. 4, article 53, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. B. Rosen and E. C. Schneider, “Colorectal cancer screening disparities related to obesity and gender,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 332–338, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. L. C. Seeff, M. R. Nadel, C. N. Klabunde et al., “Patterns and predictors of colorectal cancer test use in the adult U.S. population,” Cancer, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 2093–2103, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. M. L. Slattery, A. Y. Kinney, and T. R. Levin, “Factors associated with colorectal cancer screening in a population-based study: the impact of gender, health care source, and time,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 276–283, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. Chao, C. J. Connell, V. Cokkinides, E. J. Jacobs, E. E. Calle, and M. J. Thun, “Underuse of screening sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy in a large cohort of US adults,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 10, pp. 1775–1781, 2004. View at Scopus
  44. S. S. Cohen, R. T. Palmieri, S. J. Nyante et al., “A review: obesity and screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer in women,” Cancer, vol. 112, no. 9, pp. 1892–1904, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M. M. Amonkar and S. Madhavan, “Compliance rates and predictors of cancer screening recommendations among Appalachian women,” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 443–460, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. E. J. Simoes, C. J. Newschaffer, N. Hagdrup et al., “Predictors of compliance with recommended cervical cancer screening schedule: a population-based study,” Journal of Community Health, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 115–130, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. B. Levin, D. A. Lieberman, B. McFarland et al., “Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: a joint guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology,” Gastroenterology, vol. 134, no. 5, pp. 1570–1595, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. C. C. Wee, E. P. McCarthy, and R. S. Phillips, “Factors associated with colon cancer screening: the role of patient factors and physician counseling,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 23–29, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. Bazargan, C. Ani, S. Bazargan-Hejazi, R. S. Baker, and R. Bastani, “Colorectal cancer screening among underserved minority population: discrepancy between physicians' recommended, scheduled, and completed tests,” Patient Education and Counseling, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 240–247, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. E. N. Zayat, K. R. Fontaine, and L. J. Cheskin, “Use of preventive health care services by patients with obesity,” Obesity Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 223–226, 1999. View at Scopus
  51. C. L. Olson, H. D. Schumaker, and B. P. Yawn, “Overweight women delay medical care,” Archives of Family Medicine, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 888–892, 1994. View at Scopus
  52. S. C. Larsson and A. Wolk, “Obesity and colon and rectal cancer risk: a meta-analysis of prospective studies,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 556–565, 2007. View at Scopus
  53. A. A. Moghaddam, M. Woodward, and R. Huxley, “Obesity and risk of colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis of 31 studies with 70,000 events,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2533–2547, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. L. A. Anderson, A. A. Eyler, D. A. Galuska, D. R. Brown, and R. C. Brownson, “Relationship of satisfaction with body size and trying to lose weight in a national survey of overweight and obese women aged 40 and older, United States,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 390–396, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. M. L. Fitzgibbon, L. R. Blackman, and M. E. Avellone, “The relationship between body image discrepancy and body mass index across ethnic groups,” Obesity Research, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 582–589, 2000. View at Scopus
  56. J. S. Haas, G. Fitzmaurice, P. Brawarsky et al., “Association of regional variation in primary care physicians' colorectal cancer screening recommendations with individual use of colorectal cancer screening,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 4, no. 4, p. A90, 2007. View at Scopus
  57. C. H. Brouse, R. L. Wolf, and C. E. Basch, “Facilitating factors for colorectal cancer screening,” Journal of Cancer Education, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 26–31, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. I. T. Zajac, A. H. Whibley, S. R. Cole et al., “Endorsement by the primary care practitioner consistently improves participation in screening for colorectal cancer: a longitudinal analysis,” Journal of Medical Screening, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 19–24, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. S. S. Coughlin and T. Thompson, “Physician recommendation for colorectal cancer screening by race, ethnicity, and health insurance status among men and women in the United States, 2000,” Health Promotion Practice, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 369–378, 2005. View at Scopus
  60. P. Brawarsky, D. R. Brooks, L. A. Mucci, and P. A. Wood, “Effect of physician recommendation and patient adherence on rates of colorectal cancer testing,” Cancer Detection and Prevention, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 260–268, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. S. A. Fox, P. J. Murata, and J. A. Stein, “The impact of physician compliance on screening mammography for older women,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 151, no. 1, pp. 50–56, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. K. E. Grady, J. P. Lemkau, J. M. McVay, and S. T. Reisine, “The importance of physician encouragement in breast cancer screening of older women,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 766–780, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. R. R. Love, R. L. Brown, J. E. Davis, L. J. Baumann, S. A. Fontana, and L. A. Sanner, “Frequency and determinants of screening for breast cancer in primary care group practice,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 153, no. 18, pp. 2113–2117, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. D. S. May, C. I. Kiefe, E. Funkhouser, and M. N. Fouad, “Compliance with mammography guidelines: physician recommendation and patient adherence,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 386–394, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. J. H. Price, S. M. Desmond, R. A. Krol, F. F. Snyder, and J. K. O'Connell, “Family practice physicians' beliefs, attitudes, and practices regarding obesity,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 339–345, 1987. View at Scopus
  66. K. D. Bertakis and R. Azari, “The impact of obesity on primary care visits,” Obesity Research, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1615–1623, 2005. View at Scopus