Table 2: Frequency of use of pharmacotherapy or referral for antiobesity management expertise.

Pharmacotherapy used or referral recommended (%) Pharmacotherapy
not used or referral not
recommended (%)
Reason not recommended (%)

StrategyAllBy patient requestAllPatient-related reasonPatient refusedPast treatment failedNot affordableContra-indicatedNot feasibleNot consideredMissing

Pharmacotherapy375 (21)146 (39)1413 (79)792 (56)491 (35)47 (3)167 (12)63 (5)24 (2)618 (44)3 (0.02)
Dietary counseling813 (46)257 (32)974 (55)614 (63)300 (31)86 (9)39 (4)9 (1)180 (19)343 (35)17 (2)
Exercise training866 (49)291 (34)920 (52)573 (62)216 (24)37 (4)57 (6)18 (2)245 (27)297 (32)50 (5)
Behavioral therapy277 (16)49 (18)1508 (85)713 (47)404 (27)28 (2)49 (3)2 (0.1)230 (15)720 (48)75 (5)
Commercial programs/popular diets261 (15)97 (37)1527 (85)626 (41)332 (22)103 (7)116 (8)11 (1)64 (4)853 (56)48 (3)
Obesity surgery (BMI 35 kg/m2)41 (5)24 (59)742 (95)227 (31)134 (18)4 (1)16 (2)12 (2)61 (8)482 (65)33 (4)