Table 3: Predictors of initiating pharmacotherapy.*

VariableOdds Ratio (95% CI)

Age0.98 (0.97–0.99)
Male0.70 (0.40–1.23)
Body mass index1.06 (1.03–1.08)
Caucasian ethnicity1.52 (0.76–3.02)
Specialist physician0.65 (0.21–2.0)
Private drug coverage2.36 (1.52–3.66)
Currently employed1.16 (0.82–1.66)
Patient-physician gender concordance0.71 (0.34–1.48)
Current smoker1.61 (1.13–2.30)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease1.41 (0.97–2.05)

Multivariable final adjusted model.