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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 928165, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/928165
Review Article

Pharmacological Treatment of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Present and Future

Obesity Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo 71, 41100 Modena, Italy

Received 27 July 2010; Revised 12 October 2010; Accepted 13 October 2010

Academic Editor: A. Halpern

Copyright © 2011 Lorenzo Iughetti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing in children and adolescents worldwide raising the question on the approach to this condition because of the potential morbidity, mortality, and economic tolls. Dietetic and behavioral treatments alone have only limited success; consequently, discussion on strategies for treating childhood and adolescent obesity has been promoted. Considering that our knowledge on the physiological systems regulating food intake and body weight is considerably increased, many studies have underlined the scientific and clinical relevance of potential treatments based on management of peripheral or central neuropeptides signals by drugs. In this paper, we analyze the data on the currently approved obesity pharmacological treatment suggesting the new potential drugs.