|Table 1: Characteristics of the study subjects.|
|Results are expressed as mean ± S.D. analysed by Student’s -test (*, **, ***) or as median (25th–75th percentile) and Mann Whitney test (+, ++, +++ depending on the distribution of data. |
BMI, body mass index; BMI-SDS, BMI-standard deviation score; HOMA-IR, homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; carotid IMT, carotid intima-media thickness.