About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 107989, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/107989
Review Article

Obesity and Trends in Life Expectancy

1Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia
2National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
3Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Repatriation Hospital, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia

Received 9 January 2012; Accepted 14 February 2012

Academic Editor: Abel Romero-Corral

Copyright © 2012 Helen L. Walls et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. J. Olshansky, D. J. Passaro, R. C. Hershow et al., “A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 352, no. 11, pp. 1138–1145, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. N. I. Parikh, M. J. Pencina, T. J. Wang et al., “Increasing Trends in Incidence of Overweight and Obesity over 5 Decades,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 242–250, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Christensen, G. Doblhammer, R. Rau, and J. W. Vaupel, “Ageing populations: the challenges ahead,” The Lancet, vol. 374, no. 9696, pp. 1196–1208, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Stamler, “The marked decline in coronary heart disease mortality rates in the United States, 1968-1981; summary of findings and possible explanations,” Cardiology, vol. 72, no. 1-2, pp. 11–22, 1985. View at Scopus
  5. S. Capewell, E. S. Ford, J. B. Croft, J. A. Critchley, K. J. Greenlund, and D. R. Labarthe, “Cardiovascular risk factor trends and potential for reducing coronary heart disease mortality in the United States of America,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 120–130, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. S. Fox, M. J. Pencina, J. B. Meigs, R. S. Vasan, Y. S. Levitzky, and R. B. D'Agostino, “Trends in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus from the 1970s to the 1990s: the Framingham Heart Study,” Circulation, vol. 113, no. 25, pp. 2914–2918, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. T. Stewart, D. M. Cutler, and A. B. Rosen, “Forecasting the effects of obesity and smoking on U.S. life expectancy,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 361, no. 23, pp. 2252–2260, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Peto, G. Whitlock, and P. Jha, “Effects of obesity and smoking on U.S. life expectancy,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 362, no. 9, pp. 855–856, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. V. Chobanian, “Improved hypertension control: cause for some celebration,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 303, no. 20, pp. 2082–2083, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Prospective Studies Collaboration, “Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in 900,000 adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies,” The Lancet, vol. 373, no. 9669, pp. 1083–1096, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. L. Walls, R. Wolfe, M. M. Haby et al., “Trends in BMI of urban Australian adults, 1980–2000,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 631–638, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Sturm, “Increases in morbid obesity in the USA: 2000–2005,” Public Health, vol. 121, no. 7, pp. 492–496, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Diehr, D. E. Bild, T. B. Harris, A. Duxbury, D. Siscovick, and M. Rossi, “Body mass index and mortality in nonsmoking older adults: the cardiovascular health study,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 623–629, 1998. View at Scopus
  14. M. A. Hernán and S. L. Taubman, “Does obesity shorten life? The importance of well-defined interventions to answer causal questions,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. S8–S14, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. M. Lee, S. Pilli, A. Gebremariam et al., “Getting heavier, younger: trajectories of obesity over the life course,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 614–623, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Abdullah, R. Wolfe, J. U. Stoelwinder et al., “The number of years lived with obesity and the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality,” International Journal of Epidemiology. In press.
  17. A. Minino, J. Yu, and K. Kochanek, “Division of vital statistics. deaths: preliminary data for 2008,” National Vital Statistics Reports, 2010.
  18. J. Arnlov, E. Ingelsson, J. Sundström, and L. Lind, “Response to letters regarding article, "the impact of body mass index and the metabolic syndrome on the risk of cardiovascular disease and death in middle-aged men",” Circulation, vol. 122, no. 11, pp. 230–236, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. A. Vogel, B. A. Franklin, K. C. Zalesin et al., “Reduction in predicted coronary heart disease risk after substantial weight reduction after bariatric surgery,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 222–226, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Uretsky, F. H. Messerli, S. Bangalore et al., “Obesity Paradox in Patients with Hypertension and Coronary Artery Disease,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 120, no. 10, pp. 863–870, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Schmidt and A. Salahudeen, “The obesity-survival paradox in hemodialysis patients: why do overweight hemodialysis patients live longer?” Nutrition in Clinical Practice, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 11–15, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Lancefield, D. J. Clark, N. Andrianopoulos et al., “Is there an obesity paradox after percutaneous coronary intervention in the contemporary era? An analysis from a multicenter Australian registry,” JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 660–668, 2010. View at Scopus
  23. S. Walter, A. Kunst, J. MacKenbach, A. Hofman, and H. Tiemeier, “Mortality and disability: the effect of overweight and obesity,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 1410–1418, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. L. Reynolds, Y. Saito, and E. M. Crimmins, “The impact of obesity on active life expectancy in older American men and women,” Gerontologist, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 438–444, 2005. View at Scopus
  25. K. Backholer, E. Wong, R. Freak-Poli, H. L. Walls, and A. Peeters, “Increasing body weight and risk of limitations in activities of daily living: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 456–468, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. J. W. Vaupel, “Biodemography of human ageing,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7288, pp. 536–542, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus