About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 309196, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/309196
Clinical Study

Lifestyle Intervention Improves Heart Rate Recovery from Exercise in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Results from the Look AHEAD Study

1Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109, USA
2Wake Forest School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
3Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Tennessee-Memphis, Memphis, TN 38103, USA
4Section on Clinical, Behavioral & Outcomes Research, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 22222, USA
5Department of Health and Physical Activity, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15203, USA
6Indian Health Service/ACKCO, Inc/NIDDK, Northern Navajo Medical Center, Shiprock, NM 87420, USA
7Diabetes Epidemiology and Clinical Research Section, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Phoenix, AZ 85014, USA
8Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA

Received 18 May 2012; Accepted 14 September 2012

Academic Editor: Jonathan N. Myers

Copyright © 2012 Paul M. Ribisl et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. American Diabetes Association, “Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 35, no. 1, supplement, pp. S64–S71, 2012.
  2. The Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases of the ESC and of the EASD, “Guidelines on diabetes, pre-diabetes, and cardiovascular disease,” European Heart Journal, vol. 28, pp. 88–136, 2007.
  3. P. H. Huang, H. B. Leu, J. W. Chen et al., “Usefulness of attenuated heart rate recovery immediately after exercise to predict endothelial dysfunction in patients with suspected coronary artery disease,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 10–13, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. M. Curtis and J. H. O'Keefe Jr., “Autonomic tone as a cardiovascular risk factor: the dangers of chronic fight or flight,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 45–54, 2002. View at Scopus
  5. J. V. Freeman, F. E. Dewey, D. M. Hadley, J. Myers, and V. F. Froelicher, “Autonomic nervous system interaction with the cardiovascular system during exercise,” Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 342–362, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Lindström, P. Ilanne-Parikka, M. Peltonen et al., “Sustained reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention: follow-up of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study,” Lancet, vol. 368, no. 9548, pp. 1673–1679, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group, “Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, pp. 393–403, 2002.
  8. D. M. Nathan, P. A. Cleary, J. Y. C. Backlund et al., “Intensive diabetes treatment and cardiovascular disease in patients with type 1 diabetes,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 353, no. 25, pp. 2643–2653, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. H. Ryan, M. A. Espeland, G. D. Foster, S. M. Haffner, V. S. Hubbard, and K. C. Johnson, “Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes): design and methods for a clinical trial of weight loss for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes,” Controlled Clinical Trials, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 610–628, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Espeland, X. Pi-Sunyer, G. Blackburn et al., “Reduction in weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes one-year results of the Look AHEAD trial,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1374–1383, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. A. Wadden, D. S. West, L. Delahanty et al., “The Look AHEAD study: a description of the lifestyle intervention and the evidence supporting it,” Obesity, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 737–752, 2006.
  12. P. M. Ribisl, W. Lang, S. A. Jaramillo et al., “Exercise capacity and cardiovascular/metabolic characteristics of overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes: the look AHEAD clinical trial,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 2679–2684, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. American College of Sports Medicine, Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2005.
  14. J. M. Jakicic, S. A. Jaramillo, A. Balasubramanyam et al., “Effect of a lifestyle intervention on change in cardiorespiratory fitness in adults with type 2 diabetes: results from the Look AHEAD Study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 305–316, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. J. Cheng, M. S. Lauer, C. P. Earnest et al., “Heart rate recovery following maximal exercise testing as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men with diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 2052–2057, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. T. Maeder, C. Duerring, R. P. Engel et al., “Predictors of impaired heart rate recovery: a myocardial perfusion SPECT study,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 303–308, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Arena, J. Myers, J. Abella et al., “The prognostic value of the heart rate response during exercise and recovery in patients with heart failure: influence of beta-blockade,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 138, no. 2, pp. 166–173, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. S. Karnik, W. Lewis, P. Miles, and L. Baker, “The effect of beta-blockade on heart rate recovery following exercise stress echocardiography,” Preventive Cardiology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 26–28, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. D. Brinkworth, M. Noakes, J. D. Buckley, and P. M. Clifton, “Weight loss improves heart rate recovery in overweight and obese men with features of the metabolic syndrome,” American Heart Journal, vol. 152, no. 4, pp. 693.e1–693.e6, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. P. Earnest, C. J. Lavie, S. N. Blair, and T. S. Church, “Heart rate variability characteristics in sedentary postmenopausal women following six months of exercise training: the DREW study,” PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 6, Article ID e2288, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health, “NIH Consensus Development Panel on Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 276, no. 3, pp. 241–246, 1996.
  22. M. R. Carnethon, R. J. Prineas, M. Temprosa, Z. M. Zhang, G. Uwaifo, and M. E. Molitch, “The association among autonomic nervous system function, incident diabetes, and intervention arm in the diabetes prevention program,” Diabetes Care, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 914–919, 2006. View at Scopus
  23. T. Yamada, T. Yoshitama, K. Makino, T. Lee, and F. Saeki, “Heart rate recovery after exercise is a predictor of silent myocardial ischemia in patients with type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 724–726, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. P. Georgoulias, N. Demakopoulos, A. Orfanakis et al., “Evaluation of abnormal heart-rate recovery after exercise testing in patients with diabetes mellitus: correlation with myocardial SPECT and chronotropic parameters,” Nuclear Medicine Communications, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 165–171, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus