About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 601872, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/601872
Research Article

Being Normal Weight but Feeling Overweight in Adolescence May Affect Weight Development into Young Adulthood—An 11-Year Followup: The HUNT Study, Norway

1HUNT Research Center, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Forskningsveien 2, 7600 Levanger, Norway
2Research Department, Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Health Trust, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway

Received 28 September 2011; Revised 9 February 2012; Accepted 15 March 2012

Academic Editor: Simone Lemieux

Copyright © 2012 Koenraad Cuypers et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. B. Ebbeling, D. B. Pawlak, and D. S. Ludwig, “Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure,” The Lancet, vol. 360, no. 9331, pp. 473–482, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. L. Butryn and T. A. Wadden, “Treatment of overweight in children and adolescents: does dieting increase the risk of eating disorders?” International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 285–293, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Lewis, S. L. Thomas, J. Hyde, D. Castle, R. W. Blood, and P. A. Komesaroff, “‘I don't eat a hamburger and large chips every day!’ a qualitative study of the impact of public health messages about obesity on obese adults,” BMC Public Health, vol. 10, article 309, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. S. V. Yuan, “Body perceptions, weight control behavior, and changes in adolescents' psychological well-being over time: a longitudinal examination of gender,” Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 927–939, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Myers and J. C. Rosen, “Obesity stigmatization and coping: relation to mental health symptoms, body image, and self-esteem,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 221–230, 1999. View at Scopus
  6. R. F. Valois, K. J. Zullig, E. S. Huebner, and J. W. Drane, “Dieting behaviors, weight perceptions, and life satisfaction among public high school adolescents,” Eating Disorders, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 271–288, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. E. Friedman, S. K. Reichmann, P. R. Costanzo, and G. J. Musante, “Body image partially mediates the relationship between obesity and psychological distress,” Obesity Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 33–41, 2002. View at Scopus
  8. V. Mikkilä, M. Lahti-Koski, P. Pietinen, S. M. Virtanen, and M. Rimpelä, “Factors linked to obesity and body weight perception in adolescents,” Duodecim, vol. 118, no. 9, pp. 921–929, 2002. View at Scopus
  9. H. Sweeting, C. Wright, and H. Minnis, “Psychosocial correlates of adolescent obesity, “slimming down” and ‘becoming obese’,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 37, no. 5, p. 409, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. S. Kim, “Body image dissatisfaction as an important contributor to suicidal ideation in Korean adolescents: gender difference and mediation of parent and peer relationships,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 297–303, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. Jansen, P. M. van de Looij-Jansen, E. J. de Wilde, and J. Brug, “Feeling fat rather than being fat may be associated with psychological well-being in young dutch adolescents,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 128–136, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Björntorp, “Do stress reactions cause abdominal obesity and comorbidities?” Obesity Reviews, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 73–86, 2001. View at Scopus
  13. D. G. Byrne, S. C. Davenport, and J. Mazanov, “Profiles of adolescent stress: the development of the adolescent stress questionnaire (ASQ),” Journal of Adolescence, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 393–416, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. B. Reagan and P. J. Salsberry, “Pathways to adolescent overweight: body mass index and height percentile change in childhood,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 80–87, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. I. A. Sørensen, A. Rissanen, M. Korkeila, and J. Kaprio, “Intention to lose weight, weight changes, and 18-y mortality in overweight individuals without co-morbidities,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 2, no. 6, Article ID e171, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. A. Mamun, S. Cramb, B. M. McDermott, M. O'Callaghan, J. M. Najman, and G. M. Williams, “Adolescents' perceived weight associated with depression in young adulthood: a longitudinal study,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 3097–3105, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. M. Perkins, H. W. Perkins, and D. W. Craig, “Peer weight norm misperception as a risk factor for being over and underweight among UK secondary school students,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 965–971, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Statistical Yearbook of Norway 2009, Oslo, Norway, 2009.
  19. J. Holmen, K. Midthjell, Ø. Krüger, et al., “The Nord-Trøndelag health study 1995–97 (HUNT2). Objectives, contents, methods and participation,” Norsk Epidemiologi, vol. 13, pp. 19–32, 2003.
  20. S. Krokstad and S. Westin, “Health inequalities by socioeconomic status among men in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, Norway,” Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 113–124, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. J. Cole, M. C. Bellizzi, K. M. Flegal, and W. H. Dietz, “Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7244, pp. 1240–1243, 2000. View at Scopus
  22. V. Rangul, T. L. Holmen, N. Kurtze, K. Cuypers, and K. Midthjell, “Reliability and validity of two frequently used self-administered physical activity questionnaires in adolescents,” BMC Medical Research Methodology, vol. 8, article 47, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Must and D. J. Tybor, “Physical activity and sedentary behavior: a review of longitudinal studies of weight and adiposity in youth,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. S84–S96, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. A. Christakis and J. H. Fowler, “The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 357, no. 4, pp. 370–379, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. M. Niemeier, H. A. Raynor, E. E. Lloyd-Richardson, M. L. Rogers, and R. R. Wing, “Fast food consumption and breakfast skipping: predictors of weight Gain from adolescence to adulthood in a nationally representative sample,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 842–849, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. WHO. Consultation on Obesity, Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a WHO Consultation, WHO Technical Report Series Geneva, 2000.
  27. T. S. Han, E. M. van Leer, J. C. Seidell, and M. E. J. Lean, “Waist circumference action levels in the identification of cardiovascular risk factors: prevalence study in a random sample,” British Medical Journal, vol. 311, no. 7017, pp. 1401–1405, 1995. View at Scopus
  28. M. E. Lean, T. S. Han, and C. E. Morrison, “Waist circumference as a measure for indicating need for weight management,” British Medical Journal, vol. 311, no. 6998, pp. 158–161, 1995. View at Scopus
  29. N. Kurtze, V. Rangul, B. E. Hustvedt, and W. D. Flanders, “Reliability and validity of self-reported physical activity in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 2),” European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 379–387, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Krokstad, A. E. Kunst, and S. Westin, “Trends in health inequalities by educational level in a Norwegian total population study,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 375–380, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. H. Bratberg, T. I. L. Nilsen, T. L. Holmen, and L. J. Vatten, “Early sexual maturation, central adiposity and subsequent overweight in late adolescence. A four-year follow-up of 1605 adolescent Norwegian boys and girls: the young HUNT study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 7, article 54, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. S. Singh, C. Mulder, J. W. R. Twisk, W. van Mechelen, and M. J. M. Chinapaw, “Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 474–488, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. J. Reilly, E. Methven, Z. C. McDowell et al., “Health consequences of obesity,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 748–752, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. M. Glymour, J. Weuve, L. F. Berkman, I. Kawachi, and J. M. Robins, “When is baseline adjustment useful in analyses of change? An example with education and cognitive change,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 162, no. 3, pp. 267–278, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. E. Eisenberg, D. Neumark-Sztainer, M. Story, and C. Perry, “The role of social norms and friends' influences on unhealthy weight-control behaviors among adolescent girls,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1165–1173, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. M. Nilsen, S. Krokstad, T. L. Holmen, and S. Westin, “Adolescents' health-related dietary patterns by parental socio-economic position, the Nord-Trøndelag health study (HUNT),” European Journal of Public Health, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 299–305, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. M. Koehly and A. Loscalzo, “Adolescent obesity and social networks.,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 6, no. 3, p. A99, 2009. View at Scopus
  38. H. R. Lajunen, A. Keski-Rahkonen, L. Pulkkinen, R. J. Rose, A. Rissanen, and J. Kaprio, “Leisure activity patterns and their associations with overweight: a prospective study among adolescents,” Journal of Adolescence, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1089–1103, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. D. F. Williamson, J. Madans, R. F. Anda, J. C. Kleinman, H. S. Kahn, and T. Byers, “Recreational physical activity and ten-year weight change in a US national cohort,” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, vol. 17, pp. 279–286, 1993.
  40. L. Petersen, P. Schnohr, and T. I. Sorensen, “Longitudinal study of the long-term relation between physical activity and obesity in adults,” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, vol. 28, pp. 105–112, 2004.
  41. B. A. Swinburn, G. Sacks, K. D. Hall, K. McPherson, D. T. Finegood, M. L. Moodie, et al., “The global obesity pandemic: shaped by global drivers and local environments,” The Lancet, vol. 378, pp. 804–814, 2011.
  42. E. Lynch, K. Liu, G. S. Wei, B. Spring, C. Kiefe, and P. Greenland, “The relation between body size perception and change in body mass index over 13 years,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 169, no. 7, pp. 857–866, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. P. T. Katzmarzyk, G. A. Bray, F. L. Greenway et al., “Ethnic-Specific BMI and waist circumference thresholds,” Obesity, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1272–1278, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. A. Burke, F. W. Heiland, and C. M. Nadler, “From overweight to about right: evidence of a generational shift in body weight norms,” Obesity, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1226–1234, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. R. M. Viner, M. M. Haines, S. J. C. Taylor, J. Head, R. Booy, and S. Stansfeld, “Body mass, weight control behaviours, weight perception and emotional well being in a multiethnic sample of early adolescents,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 1514–1521, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. D. A. Bangasser, A. Curtis, B. A. S. Reyes et al., “Sex differences in corticotropin-releasing factor receptor signaling and trafficking: potential role in female vulnerability to stress-related psychopathology,” Molecular Psychiatry, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 896–904, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. M. P. Bakker, J. Ormel, F. C. Verhulst, and A. J. Oldehinkel, “Peer stressors and gender differences in adolescents' mental health: the TRAILS study,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 444–450, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. G. Cannon and H. Einzig, Eds., Dieting Makes you Fat, Century Publishing, London, UK, 1983.
  49. B. E. Levin, “Epigenetic influences on food intake and physical activity level: review of animal studies,” Obesity, vol. 16, supplement 3, pp. S51–S54, 2008.