Table 4: Effect of exercise on AUC values for hormones and metabolites. Results for both positive and negative AUC are presented.

Hormone/RunnersWalkers
metaboliteExercise*Rest*Exercise effect 𝑃 valueExercise*Rest*Exercise effect 𝑃 value

Ghrelin
 (+) area 2 0 6 4 1 ± 1 6 2 3 8 6 3 2 2 ± 6 4 5 0 14319 (340, 28298)0.05 1 8 1 5 7 ± 2 6 2 4 7 6 8 6 3 ± 9 3 9 0 11294 (−10486, 33075)0.27
 (−) area 5 6 7 2 ± 1 6 4 7 1 3 9 0 8 ± 7 9 7 7 1764 (−12808, 16336)0.79 6 8 3 9 ± 8 7 0 8 2 4 5 7 4 ± 3 2 6 8 7 −17734 (−44816, 9348)0.17
Ghrelinacyl
 (+) area 6 2 4 6 ± 4 9 3 3 7 0 0 ± 5 8 4 5546 (1822, 9271)0.01 2 0 6 7 ± 2 4 3 7 1 3 4 5 ± 1 5 7 5 723 (−833, 2279)0.32
 (−) area 1 0 5 ± 1 8 3 1 6 8 8 ± 2 1 8 4 −1583 (−3172, 6)0.05 8 1 3 ± 1 6 7 1 9 4 6 ± 1 2 8 3 −133 (−1297, 1031)0.80
PYY
 (+) area 1 7 9 6 ± 2 6 6 7 5 9 ± 9 2 1737 (−290, 3764)0.08 9 0 ± 1 6 3 1 0 7 3 ± 2 3 2 5 −983 (−2686, 719)0.22
 (−) area 2 5 7 5 ± 2 3 0 6 4 2 1 1 ± 3 1 0 3 −1635 (−4678, 1407)0.25 6 9 1 2 ± 6 5 7 5 2 4 1 5 ± 1 4 8 3 4497 (−502, 9496)0.07
GLP-1
 (+) area 1 1 1 4 ± 9 2 6 6 9 3 ± 6 9 1 421 (−313, 1155)0.22 5 5 6 ± 6 5 0 6 5 6 ± 6 1 8 −181 (−851, 488)0.54
 (−) area 8 0 2 ± 7 8 9 9 4 1 ± 1 1 5 4 −139 (−1273, 995)0.78 1 9 5 7 ± 2 0 5 8 1 4 4 7 ± 3 4 5 9 1658 (4, 3311)0.05

*Mean ± SD of AUC.
Difference in means (95% confidence interval) from paired t-test.