Table 5: Effect of exercise on absolute energy, relative energy, and macronutrient intake, among runners and among walkers.

RunnersWalkers
Exercise*Rest*Exercise effect 𝑃 valueExercise*Rest*Exercise effect 𝑃 value

Absolute energy intake (kcals) 4 8 5 . 8 ± 1 8 3 . 4 4 8 0 . 4 ± 1 2 6 . 4 5.5
(−112.0, 122.9)
0.917 6 2 3 . 9 ± 1 3 9 . 1 5 5 0 . 6 ± 1 6 2 . 4 73.2
(−11.0, 157.5)
0.08
Relative energy intake (kcals) 1 9 3 . 9 ± 2 0 5 . 8 2 8 3 . 8 ± 1 2 0 . 6 −477.7
(−610.1, −345.3)
<0.001 1 2 6 . 8 ± 1 9 5 . 8 3 6 6 . 0 ± 1 8 3 . 6 −274.6
(−385.0, −164.3)
<0.001
Protein (g) 1 9 . 3 ± 6 . 0 1 9 . 3 ± 4 . 7 −0.046
(−4.1, 4.1)
0.980 2 7 . 6 ± 7 . 3 2 4 . 2 ± 9 . 5 3.4
(0.043, 6.8)
0.05
Carbohydrate (g) 8 0 . 5 ± 3 7 . 4 7 9 . 0 ± 2 0 . 9 1.5
(−20.6, 23.7)
0.877 8 8 . 6 ± 2 8 . 5 8 3 . 1 ± 2 2 . 2 5.5
(−13.0, 24.0)
0.51
Fat (g) 1 1 . 0 ± 3 . 5 1 1 . 3 ± 5 . 4 −0.38
(−4.3, 3.6)
0.830 1 9 . 2 ± 5 . 8 1 5 . 1 ± 7 . 4 4.1
(2.2, 6.0)
0.001

*Mean ± SD.
Difference in means (95% confidence interval) from paired t-test.