About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 868256, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/868256
Research Article

Weight Status in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis: Implications for Mobility Outcomes

1Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 233 Freer Hall, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2School of Medicine, University of Illinois at Peoria, Peoria, IL 61603, USA

Received 14 July 2012; Accepted 22 August 2012

Academic Editor: Jordi Salas-Salvadó

Copyright © 2012 Lara A. Pilutti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. A. Donato, “Executive summary of the clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 158, no. 17, pp. 1855–1867, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. WHO, Expert Committee on Physical Status. Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995.
  3. S. R. Khurana, A. M. Bamer, A. P. Turner et al., “The prevalence of overweight and obesity in veterans with multiple sclerosis,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 83–91, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. A. Marrie, R. Horwitz, G. Cutter, T. Tyry, D. Campagnolo, and T. Vollmer, “High frequency of adverse health behaviors in multiple sclerosis,” Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 105–113, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. N. Slawta, A. R. Wilcox, J. A. McCubbin, D. J. Nalle, S. D. Fox, and G. Anderson, “Health behaviors, body composition, and coronary heart disease risk in women with multiple sclerosis,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 84, no. 12, pp. 1823–1830, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. M. Flegal, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and C. L. Ogden, “Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999–2010,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 307, no. 5, pp. 491–497, 2012.
  7. M. Hulens, G. Vansant, A. L. Claessens, R. Lysens, and E. Muls, “Predictors of 6-minute walk test results in lean, obese and morbidly obese women,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 98–105, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. C. Browning, E. A. Baker, J. A. Herron, and R. Kram, “Effects of obesity and sex on the energetic cost and preferred speed of walking,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 390–398, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. P. K. Lai, A. K. L. Leung, A. N. M. Li, and M. Zhang, “Three-dimensional gait analysis of obese adults,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. S2–S6, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. U. Givon, G. Zeilig, and A. Achiron, “Gait analysis in multiple sclerosis: characterization of temporal-spatial parameters using GAITRite functional ambulation system,” Gait and Posture, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 138–142, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. J. Sosnoff, B. M. Sandroff, and R. W. Motl, “Quantifying gait abnormalities in persons with multiple sclerosis with minimal disability,” Gait and Posture, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 154–156, 2012.
  12. R. W. Motl, Y. Suh, D. Dlugonski et al., “Oxygen cost of treadmill and over-ground walking in mildly disabled persons with multiple sclerosis,” Neurological Sciences, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 255–262, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. D. Goldman, R. A. Marrie, and J. A. Cohen, “Evaluation of the six-minute walk in multiple sclerosis subjects and healthy controls,” Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 383–390, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. A. Pilutti, E. McAuley, and R. W. Motl, “Weight status and disability in multiple sclerosis: an examination of bi-directional associations over a 24-month period,” Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 139–144, 2012.
  15. O. R. Pearson, M. E. Busse, R. W. M. Van Deursen, and C. M. Wiles, “Quantification of walking mobility in neurological disorders,” Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians, vol. 97, no. 8, pp. 463–475, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. S. Fischer, A. J. Jak, J. E. Knicker, R. A. Rudick, and G. I. Cutter, Administration and Scoring Manual for the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite Measure (MSFC), Demos Medical, New York, NY, USA, 1999.
  17. R. W. Motl, B. M. Sandroff, Y. Suh, and J. J. Sosnoff, “Energy cost of walking and its association with gait parameters, daily activity, and fatigue in persons with mild multiple sclerosis,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1051–1021, 2012.
  18. J. C. Hobart, A. Riazi, D. L. Lamping, R. Fitzpatrick, and A. J. Thompson, “Measuring the impact of MS on walking ability: the 12-item MS Walking Scale (MSWS-12),” Neurology, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 2003. View at Scopus
  19. M. J. Hohol, E. J. Orav, and H. L. Weiner, “Disease steps in multiple sclerosis: a simple approach to evaluate disease progression,” Neurology, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 251–255, 1995. View at Scopus
  20. M. J. Hohol, E. J. Orav, and H. L. Weiner, “Disease steps in multiple sclerosis: a longitudinal study comparing Disease Steps and EDSS to evaluate disease progression,” Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 349–354, 1999. View at Scopus
  21. O. Hadjimichael, R. D. Kerns, M. A. Rizzo, G. Cutter, and T. Vollmer, “Persistent pain and uncomfortable sensations in persons with multiple sclerosis,” Pain, vol. 127, no. 1-2, pp. 35–41, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Cohen, Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, USA, 2nd edition, 1988.
  23. M. C. Mojtahedi, E. M. Snook, R. W. Motl, and E. M. Evans, “Bone health in ambulatory individuals with multiple sclerosis: impact of physical activity, glucocorticoid use, and body composition,” Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 851–861, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. P. Lambert, R. Lee Archer, and W. J. Evans, “Body composition in ambulatory women with multiple sclerosis,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 83, no. 11, pp. 1559–1561, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. K. Hedström, T. Olsson, and L. Alfredsson, “High body mass index before age 20 is associated with increased risk for multiple sclerosis in both men and women,” Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1334–1336, 2012.
  26. E. Smith, P. Hay, L. Campbell, and J. N. Trollor, “A review of the association between obesity and cognitive function across the lifespan: implications for novel approaches to prevention and treatment,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 740–755, 2011.
  27. S. D. H. Malnick and H. Knobler, “The medical complications of obesity,” Quarterly Journal of Medicine, vol. 99, no. 9, pp. 565–579, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus