Table 3: Changes in outcomes by group.

OutcomeIC
IC + SP
LIC + SP
SP
value

Body weight, kg, mean (SD)0.89
 Baseline96.0 (17.4)100.3 (16.5)96.8 (14.8)96.4 (16.9)
 Change−2.5 (4.1)−5.4 (4.0)−3.3 (5.9)−1.8 (3.7)
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD)0.79
 Baseline34.1 (4.1)34.3 (3.9)33.5 (3.5)35.3 (4.1)
 Change−0.8 (1.4)−1.8 (1.3)−1.1 (2.0)−0.7 (1.3)
Male waist circumference,
cm, mean (SD)
0.36
 Baseline117.3 (15.5)119.4 (11.6)116.4 (4.6)113.8 (23.0)
 Change−3.0 (2.4)−7.01 (2.6)−6.5 (0.35)−3.38 (8.3)
Female waist circumference,
cm, mean (SD)
0.22
 Baseline106.4 (14.5)109.7 (11.4)108.7 (8.4)105.5 (11.1)
 Change−3.19 (7.4)−5.68 (3.7)−3.64 (7.9)−0.88 (2.9)
Self-reported activity ≥ moderate intensity,
hrs/week, mean (SD)
0.51
 Baseline5.0 (5.2)4.9 (5.7)5.3 (5.4)3.5 (3.7)
 Change−1.4 (7.1)−2.0 (5.4)−3.6 (5.5)0.19 (5.1)
Dietary intake, kcal/day, mean (SD)0.66
 Baseline2069.6 (463.2)2085.7 (640.8)1988.3 (722.7)1647.3 (460.4)
 Change−415.6 (376.4)−468.2 (634.0)−218.5 (859.5)−249.2 (770.5)
Calories from fat, %, mean (SD)0.37
 Baseline36.6 (5.22)36.2 (6.64)36.2 (4.2)34.5 (5.97)
 6 months−0.67 (4.5)−4.89 (9.3)−4.6 (4.5)−3.48 (12.5)
Fruit and vegetable intake, servings per day,
mean (SD)
0.61
 Baseline4.98 (2.6)4.32 (1.5)4.16 (2.3)4.22 (2.1)
 Change0.81 (2.8)0.51 (3.2)2.1 (3.4)0.05 (4.9)
Sodium intake, mg/day, mean (SD)0.88
 Baseline3422.1 (938.1)3665.1 (1108.9)3645.8 (1519.7)2842.8 (1136.8)
 Change−517.2 (806.8)−788.2 (1165.1)−622.5 (1376.3)−157.5 (2145.0)

IC: intensive counseling; SP: smartphone; LIC: less intensive counseling; BMI: body mass index. Change values were calculated for completers at 6 months.