Table 5: Relationships between body weight satisfaction by overweight status and health indicators and history of chronic disease, Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, 1987–2002: men ( )*.

Satisfied Dissatisfied ( )
Normal

( )
Overweight ( )Obese
( )
Normal
Weight
( )
Overweight ( )Obese ( )

Chronic disease diagnoses
972 (21.2)749 (30.0)26 (57.8)<.0001125 (25.1)1584 (35.1)1224 (53.9)<.0001
 Myocardial infarction or stroke††55 (1.2)43 (1.7)0 .146 (1.2)58 (1.3)29 (1.3).99
 Cancer††244 (5.3)130 (5.2)2 (4.4).9523 (4.6)201 (4.5)95 (4.2).85
 Diabetes††67 (1.5)74 (3.0)5 (11.1)<.00015 (1.0)131 (2.9)213 (9.4)<.0001
1105 (24.2)743 (29.8)15 (33.3)<.0001151 (30.3)1645 (36.4)860 (37.9).006
Health indicators
 Percent body fat (%)a,b,c16.9 (5.0)20.6 (4.7)23.7 (5.5)<.000120.2 (4.5)23.7 (4.2)29.2 (4.7)<.0001
 Waist circumference (cm)a,b,c84.9 (5.7)92.4 (5.8)99.8 (11.5)<.000189.4 (5.0)97.1 (6.2)110.2 (9.9)<.0001
 Treadmill Time (minutes)a,b,c21.6 (4.7)19.3 (4.5)17.6 (4.7)<.000120.4 (4.6)17.9 (4.1)14.3 (3.9)<.0001
 Maximal 13.5 (2.5)12.3 (2.2)11.5 (2.3)<.000112.8 (2.3)11.6 (1.9)10.0 (1.8)<.0001
 Fasting glucose (mg/dL)a97.1 (11.8)100.5 (18.1)109.6 (32.4)<.000197.7 (13.0)100.9 (15.5)107.7 (26.1)<.0001
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)b119.7 (13.1) 121.76 (12.6)127.6 (12.7)<.0001120.1 (13.7)122.9 (12.8)127.4 (13.5)<.0001
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)b79.1 (9.1)81.3 (9.0)86.0 (11.4)<.000179.8 (9.5)82.7 (9.4)86.7 (9.9)<.0001
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL)a,b,c199.7 (37.8)207.2 (39.3)201.4 (38.8)<.0001208.1 (43.2)215.4 (41.4)216.7 (40.3)<.0001

 * applies for all data except for percent body fat and for waist circumference for satisfied men and for percent body fat and for waist circumference for dissatisfied men.
Data reported as number of participants with the characteristic and the percent of column total for that variable represented (%).
Data presented are means and standard deviations (SD).
satisfaction is based on the difference between measured and goal weight (kg) or relative weight (kg/m2).
= body mass index, a measure of relative weight is described by this formula: weight (kg)/height (m)2 categories; = normal weight classified as BMI of 18.5–24.9; OW = overweight classified as BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2; Obese classified as BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2.
Significance of chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical and of -tests for continuous variables: comparisons of chronic disease diagnoses across BMI groups within weight satisfaction columns (satisfied or dissatisfied). (aSignificance at of chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and of -tests for continuous variables: comparison of health and chronic disease indicator between normal weight satisfied men and normal weight dissatisfied men; significant comparisons presented in bold text. bSignificance at of chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and of -tests for continuous variables: comparison of health and chronic disease indicator between overweight satisfied men and overweight dissatisfied men; significant comparisons presented in bold text. cSignificance at of chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and of -tests for continuous variables: comparison of health and chronic disease indicator between obese satisfied men and obese dissatisfied men; significant comparisons presented in bold text.)
**Defined as the history of hypertension or resting systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg.
††Defined as any personal history of myocardial infarction or stroke; cancer, or diabetes including insulin use, or fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L (126 mg/dL).
‡‡Defined as the history of hypercholesterolemia or fasting total cholesterol level ≥6.2 mmol/L (240 mg/dL).
metabolic equivalent tasks achieved during treadmill test.