- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 359763, 9 pages
A Six-Month Randomized Controlled Trial of Whole Soy and Isoflavones Daidzein on Body Composition in Equol-Producing Postmenopausal Women with Prehypertension
1Department of Medicine & Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
2Division of Epidemiology, The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
3Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
4Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine & Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Received 28 February 2013; Accepted 27 May 2013
Academic Editor: Eric Doucet
Copyright © 2013 Zhao-min Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- T. Kelly, W. Yang, C. S. Chen, K. Reynolds, and J. He, “Global burden of obesity in 2005 and projections to 2030,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1431–1437, 2008.
- I. Elmadfa and A. L. Meyer, “Body composition, changing physiological functions and nutrient requirements of the elderly,” Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 52, supplement 1, pp. 2–5, 2008.
- M. L. Misso, C. Jang, J. Adams et al., “Differential expression of factors involved in fat metabolism with age and the menopause transition,” Maturitas, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 299–306, 2005.
- S. Sipilä, “Body composition and muscle performance during menopause and hormone replacement therapy,” Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 893–901, 2003.
- N. Vaughn, A. Rizzo, D. Doane, J. L. Beverly, and E. G. de Mejia, “Intracerebroventricular administration of soy protein hydrolysates reduces body weight without affecting food intake in rats,” Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 41–46, 2008.
- C. R. Cederroth, M. Vinciguerra, A. Gjinovci et al., “Dietary phytoestrogens activate AMP-activated protein kinase with improvement in lipid and glucose metabolism,” Diabetes, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 1176–1185, 2008.
- M. T. Velasquez and S. J. Bhathena, “Role of dietary soy protein in obesity,” International Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 72–82, 2007.
- T. Aoyama, K. Fukui, K. Takamatsu, Y. Hashimoto, and T. Yamamoto, “Soy protein isolate and its hydrolysate reduce body fat of dietary obese rats and genetically obese mice (yellow KK),” Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 349–354, 2000.
- A. Naaz, S. Yellayi, M. A. Zakroczymski et al., “The soy isoflavone genistein decreases adipose deposition in mice,” Endocrinology, vol. 144, no. 8, pp. 3315–3320, 2003.
- J. R. Guthrie, M. Ball, A. Murkies, and L. Dennerstein, “Dietary phytoestrogen intake in mid-life Australian-born women: relationship to health variables,” Climacteric, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 254–261, 2000.
- Y. Yamori, “Worldwide epidemic of obesity: hope for Japanese diets,” Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology, vol. 31, supplement 2, pp. S2–S4, 2004.
- D. Goodman-Gruen and D. Kritz-Silverstein, “Usual dietary isoflavone intake and body composition in postmenopausal women,” Menopause, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 427–432, 2003.
- M. C. Nachtigal, R. E. Patterson, K. L. Stratton, L. A. Adams, A. L. Shattuck, and E. White, “Dietary supplements and weight control in a middle-age population,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 909–915, 2005.
- S. Choquette, E. Riesco, E. Cormier, T. Dion, M. Aubertin-Leheudre, and I. J. Dionne, “Effects of soya isoflavones and exercise on body composition and clinical risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in overweight postmenopausal women: a 6-month double-blind controlled trial,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 105, no. 8, pp. 1199–1209, 2011.
- D. R. Christie, J. Grant, B. E. Darnell, V. R. Chapman, A. Gastaldelli, and C. K. Sites, “Metabolic effects of soy supplementation in postmenopausal Caucasian and African American women: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 203, no. 2, pp. 153.e1–153.e9, 2010.
- C. K. Sites, B. C. Cooper, M. J. Toth, A. Gastaldelli, A. Arabshahi, and S. Barnes, “Effect of a daily supplement of soy protein on body composition and insulin secretion in postmenopausal women,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 1609–1617, 2007.
- F. Liao, M. Shieh, S. Yang, S. Lin, and Y. Chien, “Effectiveness of a soy-based compared with a traditional low-calorie diet on weight loss and lipid levels in overweight adults,” Nutrition, vol. 23, no. 7-8, pp. 551–556, 2007.
- L. Azadbakht and S. Nurbakhsh, “Effect of soy drink replacement in a weight reducing diet on anthropometric values and blood pressure among overweight and obese female youths,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 383–389, 2011.
- M. Takahira, K. Noda, M. Fukushima et al., “Randomized, double-blind, controlled, comparative trial of formula food containing soy protein versus milk protein in visceral fat obesity: FLAVO study,” Circulation Journal, vol. 75, no. 9, pp. 2235–2243, 2011.
- D. J. Baer, K. S. Stote, D. R. Paul, G. K. Harris, W. V. Rumpler, and B. A. Clevidence, “Whey protein but not soy protein supplementation alters body weight and composition in free-living overweight and obese adults,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 141, no. 8, pp. 1489–1494, 2011.
- J. W. Anderson, J. Fuller, K. Patterson, R. Blair, and A. Tabor, “Soy compared to casein meal replacement shakes with energy-restricted diets for obese women: randomized controlled trial,” Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 280–288, 2007.
- J. Wu, J. Oka, J. Ezaki et al., “Possible role of equol status in the effects of isoflavone on bone and fat mass in postmenopausal Japanese women: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial,” Menopause, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 866–874, 2007.
- R. S. Muthyala, Y. H. Ju, S. Sheng et al., “Equol, a natural estrogenic metabolite from soy isoflavones: convenient preparation and resolution of R- and S-equols and their differing binding and biological activity through estrogen receptors alpha and beta,” Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1559–1567, 2004.
- K. D. R. Setchell, N. M. Brown, and E. Lydeking-Olsen, “The clinical importance of the metabolite equol—a clue to the effectiveness of soy and its isoflavones,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 132, no. 12, pp. 3577–3584, 2002.
- F. K. Welty, K. S. Lee, N. S. Lew, and J. Zhou, “Effect of soy nuts on blood pressure and lipid levels in hypertensive, prehypertensive, and normotensive postmenopausal women,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 167, no. 10, pp. 1060–1067, 2007.
- S. Kreijkamp-Kaspers, L. Kok, M. L. Bots, D. E. Grobbee, J. W. Lampe, and Y. T. van der Schouw, “Randomized controlled trial of the effects of soy protein containing isoflavones on vascular function in postmenopausal women,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 189–195, 2005.
- L. Hooper, P. A. Kroon, E. B. Rimm et al., “Flavonoids, flavonoid-rich foods, and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 38–50, 2008.
- M. Messina, J. W. Lampe, D. F. Birt et al., “Reductionism and the narrowing nutrition perspective: time for reevaluation and emphasis on food synergy,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 101, no. 12, pp. 1416–1419, 2001.
- K. D. R. Setchell and S. J. Cole, “Method of defining equol-producer status and its frequency among vegetarians,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 136, no. 8, pp. 2188–2193, 2006.
- Y. Yue-Xin, China Food Composition 2002, Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Peking University Medical Press, Beijing, China, 2002.
- H. C. Lukaski, P. E. Johnson, W. W. Bolonchuk, and G. I. Lykken, “Assessment of fat-free mass using bioelectrical impedance measurements of the human body,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 810–817, 1985.
- T. Song, K. Barua, G. Buseman, and P. A. Murphy, “Soy isoflavone analysis: quality control and a new internal standard,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 68, no. 6, supplement, pp. 1474S–1479S, 1998.
- M. St-Onge, N. Claps, C. Wolper, and S. B. Heymsfield, “Supplementation with soy-protein-rich foods does not enhance weight loss,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 500–505, 2007.
- L. Kok, S. Kreijkamp-Kaspers, D. E. Grobbee, J. W. Lampe, and Y. T. van der Schouw, “Soy isoflavones, body composition, and physical performance,” Maturitas, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 102–110, 2005.
- T. Yamashita, T. Sasahara, S. E. Pomeroy, G. Collier, and P. J. Nestel, “Arterial compliance, blood pressure, plasma leptin, and plasma lipids in women are improved with weight reduction equally with a meat-based diet and a plant-based diet,” Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 1308–1314, 1998.
- V. Lang, F. Bellisle, J. Oppert et al., “Satiating effect of proteins in healthy subjects: a comparison of egg albumin, casein, gelatin, soy protein, pea protein, and wheat gluten,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 1197–1204, 1998.
- V. Lang, F. Bellisle, C. Alamowitch et al., “Varying the protein source in mixed meal modifies glucose, insulin and glucagon kinetics in healthy men, has weak effects on subjective satiety and fails to affect food intake,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 12, pp. 959–965, 1999.
- A. S. Yalçin, “Emerging therapeutic potential of whey proteins and peptides,” Current Pharmaceutical Design, vol. 12, no. 13, pp. 1637–1643, 2006.
- N. Maesta, E. A. P. Nahas, J. Nahas-Neto et al., “Effects of soy protein and resistance exercise on body composition and blood lipids in postmenopausal women,” Maturitas, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 350–358, 2007.
- L. E. Moeller, C. T. Peterson, K. B. Hanson et al., “Isoflavone-rich soy protein prevents loss of hip lean mass but does not prevent the shift in regional fat distribution in perimenopausal women,” Menopause, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 322–331, 2003.
- D. B. Allison, G. Gadbury, L. G. Schwartz et al., “A novel soy-based meal replacement formula for weight loss among obese individuals: a randomized controlled clinical trial,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 514–522, 2003.
- Z. M. Liu, S. C. Ho, Y. M. Chen, and Y. P. Ho, “A mild favorable effect of soy protein with isoflavones on body compositiona 6-month double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial among Chinese postmenopausal women,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 309–318, 2010.
- M. Messina and V. Messina, “The role of soy in vegetarian diets,” Nutrients, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 855–888, 2010.
- C. N. Society, “Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents 2007,” 2007, http://www.cnsoc.org/.
- T. B. Clarkson and M. S. Anthony, “Phytoestrogens and coronary heart disease,” Bailliere's Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 589–604, 1998.
- A. M. Prentice and S. A. Jebb, “Beyond body mass index,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 141–147, 2001.
- L. B. Houtkooper, T. G. Lohman, S. B. Going, and W. H. Howell, “Why bioelectrical impedance analysis should be used for estimating adiposity,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 64, no. 3, supplement, pp. 436S–448S, 1996.
- B. L. Heitmann, “Impedance: a valid method in assessment of body composition?” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 228–240, 1994.
- R. F. Kushner, “Bioelectrical impedance analysis: a review of principles and applications,” Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 199–209, 1992.
- K. J. Ellis, “Human body composition: in vivo methods,” Physiological Reviews, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 649–680, 2000.
- J. P. Després, “Intra-abdominal obesity: an untreated risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease,” Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, vol. 29, no. 3, supplement, pp. 77–82, 2006.