Table 3: The effect of whole soy and purified daidzein on anthropometric measures and body composition.

Whole soy groupDaidzein groupPlacebo group values

Body weight (kg)
 Baseline 0.552
 6-month 0.901
 Change 0.095
 %change 0.092
Body mass index (BMI, kg/m2)
 Baseline 0.552
 6-month 0.964
 Change 0.143
 %change 0.112
Waist circumference (WC, cm)
 Baseline 0.693
 6-month 0.600
 Change 0.701
 %change 0.787
Hip circumference (HC, cm)
 Baseline 0.736
 6-month 0.995
 Change 0.691
 %change 0.708
Waist and hip ratio (WHR)
 Baseline 0.137
 6-month 0.171
 Change 0.937
 %change 0.942
Body fat percentage (%)*
 Baseline 0.992
 6-month 0.812
 Change 0.180
 %change 0.306
Fat mass (kg)
 Baseline 0.831
 6-month 0.991
 Change 0.092
 %change 0.319
Free fat mass (kg)
 Baseline 0.673
 6-month 0.894
 Change 0.640
 %change

All values are means ± standard deviation; values refer to comparison among the 3 study groups by ANOVA (analysis of variance); *Skewed variables or variables with heterogeneity in variance (Body fat%) were corrected by log transformation and reported arithmetic means.