Table 1: (a) Scoring scheme of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2005. (b) Components and scoring scheme for the Revised Children's Diet Quality Index (RC-DQI): girls. (c) Components and scoring scheme for the Revised Children's Diet Quality Index (RC-DQI): boys.
(a)

HEI 2005*
ComponentMax pointsMax score
(per 1000 kcal)
Min score

Total fruit5≥0.8 c equiv.No fruit
Whole fruit
(no juice)
5≥0.4 c equiv.No whole fruit
Total vegetables5≥1.1 c equiv.No vegetables
Dark green and orange vegetables and legumes5≥0.4 c equiv.No dark green or orange vegetables or legumes
Total grains5≥3.0 oz equiv.No grains
Whole grains5≥1.5 oz equiv.No whole grains
Milk10≥1.3 c equiv.No milk
Meat and beans10≥2.5 oz equiv.No meat or beans
Oils10≥12 gramsNo oil
Saturated fat10≤7% of energy≥15% of energy
Sodium10≤0.7 gram≥2.0 g per 1000 kcal
SoFAAS**20≤20% of energy≥50% of energy

Excerpted from: P. M. Guenther, S. M. Krebs-Smith, J. Reedy, P. Britten, W. Y. Juan, M. Lino, A. Carlson, H. A. Hiza, and P. Basiotis: Healthy Eating Index-2005 fact sheet. Alexandria, VA: United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion; 2006.
Calories from solid fats, alcoholic beverages, and added sugars.
(b)

ComponentScoreAge (years)Scoring criteria
23456789101112131415161718

Added sugara10≤10% total energyWHO
Fata2.530–40%25–35% total energyAMDR
Linoleic acid (18_2)a2.5≤5–10% of total energy (ω-6 f.a.)
Linolenic acid (18_3)a2.50.6–1.2% of total energy(ω-3 f.a.)
DHA and EPAa2.5 ≤10% of -linolenic acid(More potent ω-3 f.a.)
Total grainsa,c533444446666677777Food groups
Whole grainsa,c51.51.522222333333.53.53.53.53.5Food groups
Fruita,c101.51.51.51.51.51.51.52222222222Food groups
Vegetablea,c1011222223333344444Food groups
Excess juicea1066666121212121212121212121212AAP age-appropriate limit
Dairya,c10
22222223333333333Food groups and AAP
Ironb≤3.0≤4.1≤5.7≤7.9≤EAR = 0 points
103.1–6.94.2–9.95.8–7.98.0–14.9EAR-RDA = 5 points
≥7≥10≥8≥15≥RDA = 10 points
TV/energy a,d10EER: 1072EER: 1080EER: 1133EER: 1189EER: 1247EER: 1298EER: 1360EER: 1415EER: 1470EER: 1538EER: 1617EER: 1684EER: 1718EER: 1731EER: 1729EER: 1710EER: 16902 hours TV
Energy ± 10% of EER

Total Points90

Continuous score.
Categorical variable based on less than EAR (0 pts), EAR-RDA (5 pts), or meets RDA (10 pts).
Dietary Guidelines MyPyramid food group patterns by age-appropriate energy patterns (page 292).
Combined score: (TV score + energy score)/2.
TV score: ≤2 hours of TV = 10 points.
EER score = 0.9 * EER to 1.1 * EER = 10 points, otherwise for overconsumption 10 points − ((actual intake/highest EER point * 100))%, for underconsumption 10 − (actual intake/lowest EER point * 100)%.
(c)

ComponentScoreAge (years)Scoring criteria
23456789101112131415161718

Added sugara10≤10% of total energy intakeWHO
Fata2.530–40%25–35%AMDR
Linoleic acid (18_2)a2.5≤5–10% of total energy(ω-6 f.a.)
Linolenic acid (18_3)a2.50.6–1.2% of total energy(ω-3 f.a.)
DHA and EPAa2.5 ≤10% of -linolenic acid(More potent ω-3 f.a.)
Total grainsa,c533555557777799999Food groups
Whole grainsa,c51.51.52.52.52.52.52.53.53.53.53.53.54.54.54.54.54.5Food groups
Fruita,c101.51.5222222222233333Food groups
Vegetablea,c1011222224444444444Food groups
Excess juicea1066666121212121212121212121212AAP age-appropriate limit
Dairya,c10
22222223333333333Food groups and AAP
Ironb≤3.0≤4.1≤5.9≤7.7≤EAR = 0 points
103.1–6.94.2–9.96.0–7.97.8–10.9EAR-RDA = 5 points
≥7≥10≥8≥11≥RDA = 10 points
TV/energya,d10EER: 1120EER: 1162EER: 1215EER: 1275EER: 1328EER: 1393EER: 1453EER: 1530EER: 1601EER: 1691EER: 1798EER: 1935EER: 2090EER: 2223EER: 2320EER: 2366EER: 23832 hours TV
Energy ± 10% of EER

Total Points90

Continuous score.
Categorical variable based on less than EAR (0 pts), EAR-RDA (5 pts), or meets RDA (10 pts).
Dietary Guidelines MyPyramid food group patterns by age-appropriate energy patterns (page 292).
Combined score: (TV score + energy score)/2.
TV score: ≤2 hours of TV = 10 points.
EER score = 0.9 * EER to 1.1 * EER = 10 points, otherwise for overconsumption 10 points − ((actual intake/highest EER point * 100))%, for underconsumption 10 − (actual intake/lowest EER point * 100)%.
Imputation data, if TV/screen time was missing in the dataset:
2–4 year olds: 2 hours (28).
2–6 year olds: 2 hours/d.
7–9 year olds: 3.5 hours/d (includes video and videogames) (29).
8–10 year olds: 4.5 hours/d.
11–14 year olds: 4.5 hours/d.
15–18 year olds: 3.5 hours/d (30).
10–19 year olds: 3 hours/d (31).
6–19 year olds: 4–6 hours/d (32).
Use for RC-DQI coding:
2–6 year olds: 2 hours/d.
7–14 year olds: 4 hours/d.
15–18 year olds: 3.5 hours/d.