Table 1: Participant demographics and characteristics, presented as frequencies and mean ± SD.

NWOBPWS

Frequency161811
Male/female7/912/68/3
Age (y)9.4 ± 1.19.3 ± 1.111.4 ± 2.5
Pubertal stage (Tanner)
 I993
 II452
 III332
 IV002
 V001
Body mass (kg)32.76 ± 5.5853.18 ± 13.31*57.70 ± 22.67*
Body mass index -score−0.1 ± 0.62.0 ± 0.5*1.7 ± 0.7*
Waist circumference (cm)60.7 ± 4.485.3 ± 11.9*84.1 ± 17.8*
Trunk fat (%)16.7 ± 5.142.9 ± 7.8*43.5 ± 8.4*
Fat mass (%)18.7 ± 4.641.2 ± 7.5*43.4 ± 8.2*
Lean mass (%)78.1 ± 4.357.0 ± 7.2*54.8 ± 7.8*
Lean mass (kg)25.32 ± 3.9129.31 ± 4.4230.91 ± 11.92
Resting heart rate (bpm)86 ± 1080 ± 981 ± 13
Resting SBP (mm Hg)99 ± 9106 ± 11113 ± 12*
Resting DBP (mm Hg)60 ± 1269 ± 11*68 ± 6

Values are significant at P < 0.050; *different than NW; different than PWS. Pubertal status was not obtained from one OB and one PWS.