- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 408582, 13 pages
Experimental Evidence on the Impact of Food Advertising on Children’s Knowledge about and Preferences for Healthful Food
1Copenhagen Business School, Porcelaenshaven 18, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
2National Research Council, Institute of Food Sciences, Via Roma, 52 A/C, 83100 Avellino, Italy
3Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185 Blok. A-2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
4University of Zaragoza, Domingo Miral s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
5University of Bremen, Achterstraße 30, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Received 13 November 2012; Accepted 1 March 2013
Academic Editor: Jana Pařízková
Copyright © 2013 Lucia A. Reisch et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- IASO (International Association for the Study of Obesity), “Obesity: understanding and challenging the global epidemic,” Tech. Rep. 2009-2010, 2009, http://www.iaso.org/site_media/uploads/IASO_Summary_Report_2009.pdf.
- WHO (World Health Organization), “Prioritizing areas for action in the field of population-based prevention of childhood obesity. A set of tools for Member States to determine and identify priority areas for action,” WHO Publications, 2012, http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/childhood/tools/en/index.html.
- OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation Development), Obesity and the Economics of Prevention: Fit Not Fat, OECD, Paris, France, 2010.
- K. L. Procter, “The aetiology of childhood obesity: a review,” Nutrition Research Reviews, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 29–45, 2007.
- L. A. Reisch, W. Gwozdz, and S. C. Beckmann, “Consumer behavior in childhood obesity research and policy,” in Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Prevalence and Aetiology, L. Moreno, I. Pigeot, and W. Ahrens, Eds., pp. 431–454, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
- M. Scully, H. Dixon, and M. Wakefield, “Association between commercial television exposure and fast-food consumption among adults,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 105–110, 2009.
- L. A. Reisch and W. Gwozdz, “Chubby cheeks and climate change: childhood obesity as a sustainable development issue,” International Journal of Consumer Studies, vol. 35, no. 19, pp. 3–9, 2011.
- I. Kickbusch, “The food system: a prism of present and future challenges for health promotion and sustainable development,” White Paper, Health Promotion Switzerland, 2010.
- U. S. Department of Health Human Services, “2020 LHI topics,” 2012, http://healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/2020indicators.aspx.
- J. Portillo and J. Weinkle, “Senate bill 934: improving the school food environment by extending national standards,” Infant, Child, & Adolescent Nutrition, no. 2, pp. 229–231, 2010.
- T. K. Boehmer, S. L. Lovegreen, D. Haire-Joshu, and R. C. Brownson, “What constitutes an obesogenic environment in rural communities?” The American Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 411–421, 2006.
- B. Butland, S. Jebb, P. Kopelman et al., “Tackling obesities: future choices,” Foresight Project Report, UK Government, 2007, http://www.bis.gov.uk/assets/foresight/docs/obesity/17.pdf.
- G. Egger, B. Swinburn, and S. Rossner, “Dusting off the epidemiological triad: could it work with obesity?” Obesity Reviews, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 115–119, 2003.
- S. A. French, M. Story, and R. W. Jeffery, “Environmental influences on eating and physical activity,” Annual Review of Public Health, vol. 22, pp. 309–335, 2001.
- J. O. Hill, H. R. Wyatt, G. W. Reed, and J. C. Peters, “Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?” Science, vol. 299, no. 5608, pp. 853–855, 2003.
- J. F. Sallis, R. B. Cervero, W. Ascher, K. A. Henderson, M. K. Kraft, and J. Kerr, “An ecological approach to creating active living communities,” Annual Review of Public Health, vol. 27, pp. 297–322, 2006.
- L. H. Epstein, J. N. Roemmich, J. L. Robinson et al., “A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 162, no. 3, pp. 239–245, 2008.
- IOM (Institute of Medicine), Food Marketing to Children and Youth: Threat or Opportunity? ,, National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2006.
- W. Ahrens, K. Bammann, K. Buchecker et al., “The IDEFICS Study: design, participation, socio-demographic characteristics and compliance,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 3–15, 2011.
- W. Gantz, N. Schwartz, J. R. Angelini, and V. Rideout V, “Food for thought: television food advertising to children in the United States,” A Kaiser Family Foundation Report, KFF, Menlo Park and Washington, DC, USA, 2007.
- G. Hastings, M. Stead, L. McDermott et al., Review of the Research on the Effects of Food Promotion To Children, Centre for Social Marketing, University of Glasgow, 2003.
- G. Cairns, K. Angus, and G. Hastings, The Extent, Nature and Effects of Food Promotion to Children: A Review of the Evidence to December 2008, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2009.
- S. Livingstone and E. J. Helsper, “Does advertising literacy mediate the effects of advertising on children? A critical examination of two linked research literatures in relation to obesity and food choice,” Journal of Communication, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 560–584, 2006.
- D. J. Holt, P. M. Ippolito, D. M. Desrochers, and C. R. Kelley, “Children’s exposure to TV advertising in 1977 and 2004: information for the obesity debate,” Tech. Rep., Federal Trade Commission, Washington, DC, USA, 2007.
- V. J. Rideout, U. G. Foehr, and D. F. Roberts, Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds, A Kaiser Family Foundation Study, KFF, Menlo Park, Wash, USA, 2010.
- OFCOM (Office of Communication), Childhood Obesity—Food Advertising in Context: Children’s Food Choices, Parents’ Understanding and Influence, and the Role of Food Promotion, OFCOM, London, UK, 2004.
- D. M. Matheson, J. D. Killen, Y. Wang, A. Varady, and T. N. Robinson, “Children's food consumption during television viewing,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 1088–1094, 2004.
- C. Hawkes, “Regulating and litigating in the public interest. Regulating food marketing to young people worldwide: trends and policy drivers,” The American Journal of Public Health, vol. 97, no. 11, pp. 1962–1973, 2007.
- D. M. Desrochers and D. J. Holt, “Children's exposure to television advertising: implications for childhood obesity,” Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 182–201, 2007.
- E. M. Taveras, T. J. Sandora, M. C. Shih, D. Ross-Degnan, D. A. Goldmann, and M. W. Gillman, “The association of television and video viewing with fast food intake by preschool-age children,” Obesity, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 2034–2041, 2006.
- J. L. Harris, K. D. Brownell, and J. A. Bargh, “The food marketing defense model: integrating psychological research to protect youth and inform public policy,” Social Issues and Policy Review, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 211–271, 2009.
- S. Livingstone and E. J. Helsper, Advertising “Unhealthy” Foods to Children: Understanding Promotion on Children, OFCOM, London, UK, 2004.
- S.-Y. Chou, I. Rashad, and M. Grossman, “Fast-food restaurant advertising on television and its influence on childhood obesity,” Journal of Law and Economics, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 599–618, 2008.
- K. Harrison and A. L. Marske, “Nutritional content of foods advertised during the television programs children watch most,” The American Journal of Public Health, vol. 95, no. 9, pp. 1568–1574, 2005.
- B. Urbick, “Make a big impression on kids,” Brand Strategy, vol. 224, pp. 46–47, 2008.
- S. Livingstone, “Assessing the research base for the policy debate over the effects of food advertising to children,” International Journal of Advertising, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 273–296, 2005.
- C. A. Kopelman, L. M. Roberts, and P. Adab, “Advertising of food to children: Is brand logo recognition related to their food knowledge, eating behaviours and food preferences?” Journal of Public Health, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 358–367, 2007.
- J. L. Harris and J. A. Bargh, “Television viewing and unhealthy diet: implications for children and media interventions.,” Health Communication, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 660–673, 2009.
- H. L. Taras, J. F. Sallis, T. L. Patterson, P. R. Nader, and J. A. Nelson, “Television’s influence on children’s diet and physical activity,” Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 176–180, 1989.
- C. Kennedy, “Examining television as an influence on children's health behaviors,” Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 272–281, 2000.
- A. Chernin, “The effects of food marketing on children's preferences: testing the moderating roles of age and gender,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 615, no. 1, pp. 102–118, 2008.
- P. A. Norton, G. A. Falciglia, and C. Ricketts, “Motivational determinants of food preferences in adolescents and pre-adolescents,” Ecology of Food Nutrition, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 169–182, 2000.
- K. W. Cullen, T. Baranowski, L. Rittenberry, and N. Olvera, “Social-environmental influences on children's diets: results from focus groups with African-, Euro- and Mexican-American children and their parents,” Health Education Research, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 581–590, 2000.
- M. Story, D. Neumark-Sztainer, and S. French, “Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviors,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. S40–S51, 2002.
- J. Ip, K. P. Mehta, and J. Coveney, “Exploring parents' perceptions of television food advertising directed at children: a South Australian study,” Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 50–58, 2007.
- A. M. Adachi-Mejia, M. R. Longacre, J. J. Gibson, M. L. Beach, L. Titus-Ernstoff, and M. A. Dalton, “Children with a TV in their bedroom at higher risk for being overweight,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 644–651, 2007.
- J. M. Diehl, “Macht Werbung dick? Einfluss der Lebensmittelwerbung auf Kinder und Jugendliche,” Ernährungs-Umschau, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 40–46, 2005.
- W. Gwozdz and L. A. Reisch, “Instruments for analyzing the influence of commercials on children’s food choices,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 137–143, 2011.
- G. Rodríguez, A. Sjöberg, L. Lissner, and L. A. Moreno, “Food patterns and nutrient intake in relation to childhood obesity,” in Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents, L. A. Moreno, I. Pigeot, and W. Ahrens, Eds., pp. 431–454, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
- D. Feskanich, H. R. H. Rockett, and G. A. Colditz, “Modifying the healthy eating index to assess diet quality in children and adolescents,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 104, no. 9, pp. 1375–1383, 2004.
- A. Lanfer, A. Hebestreit, W. Ahrens et al., “Reproducibility of food consumption frequencies derived from the children’s eating habits questionnaire used in the IDEFICS study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 35, supplement 1, pp. S61–S68, 2011.
- A. Lanfer, K. Knof, G. Barba et al., “Taste preferences in association with dietary habits and weight status in European children: results from the IDEFICS study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 27–34, 2012.
- R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, S. S. Guo et al., “CDC Growth Charts for the United States: methods and development,” Vital and Health Statistics, no. 246, pp. 1–190, 2002.
- T. J. Cole, M. C. Bellizzi, K. M. Flegal, and W. H. Dietz, “Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey,” The British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7244, pp. 1240–1243, 2000.
- K. Bammann, I. Huybrechts, G. Vicente Rodriguez et al., “The IDEFICS validation study: validity of field methods on body composition,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 35, supplement 1, pp. S79–S87, 2011.
- J. M. Diehl and I. Daum, “Television food commercials aimed at children and parents,” in Carbohydrates in Infant Nutrition and Dental Health, M. E. Curzon, J. M. Diehl, R. Ghraf, and M. J. Lentze, Eds., pp. 169–183, Urban and Vogel, München, Germany, 1995.
- R. Shepherd and G. Towler, “Nutrition knowledge, attitudes and fat intake: application of the theory of reasoned action,” Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 159–169, 1992.
- R. H. Thaler and C. R. Sunstein, Nudge—Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, UK, 2008.
- L. S. Elinder and M. Jansson, “Obesogenic environments? Aspects on measurement and indicators,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 307–315, 2008.
- B. Wansink, D. R. Just, and C. R. Payne, “Mindless eating and healthy heuristics for the irrational,” The American Economic Review, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 165–169, 2009.