Table 1: Subject demography and baseline characteristics.

NonobeseOverweightObese

Waist girth category<90 cm90–101 cm≥102 cm
Number of men (% of total)55 (13)147 (34)226 (53)
Age (±SD) (years)53.0 (8.9)54.1 (10.2)55.4 (9.6)
Body mass index (kg/m2)24.1 (2.3)27.9 (2.5)b33.6 (4.1)a
Waist girth (cm)85.3 (3.6)95.9 (2.9)b112.8 (9.3)a
Systolic blood pressure (Hg mm)132.1 (17.9)c138.3 (16.7)142.5 (16.7)
Diastolic blood pressure (Hg mm)79.1 (12.9)c82.3 (9.7)83.0 (8.9)
Hemoglobin A1c (%), Median (IQ)*5.4 (.4)5.4 (.5)5.5 (.6)
Glucose (mg/dL)93.3 (9.3)d94.9 (10.0)97.0 (11.3)
HOMA2-IR median (IQ)1.16 (.98)1.57 (.77)2.13 (1.53)a
HOMA2% , median (IQ)97.5 (51.9)119.8 (47.4)139.9 (70.6)
HOMA2%S, median (IQ)86.5 (101.7)63.7 (33.3)b46.9 (36.4)a
Adiponectin μg/mL, median (IQ)8.9 (87.6)c7.7 (4.8)7.5 (4.7)
Leptin ng/mL, median (IQ)2.3 (2.2)5.2 (3.9)b10.4 (7.5)a
Triglyceride, median (IQ)110 (68)153 (104)b186 (92)a
HDL cholesterol mg/dL47 (15)39 (15)b37 (9)a
Non-HDL cholesterol mg/dL147 (44)166 (43)165 (47)
Total Apo B mg/dL116 (29)126 (28)b129 (26)a
Hypertension (%)52.675.588.8
Smokers (%).03.71.5

Significantly different from non-obese and overweight ( ); bsignificantly different from non-obese ( ); csignificantly different from overweight and from obese ( ); dsignificantly different from obese ( ); *IQ: interquartile.