Table 1: Subject characteristics.

MenWomen
BlackWhiteHispanicBlackWhiteHispanic

Number of subjects579434199767449272
Age (years)46 (10)a45 (9)a41 (9)a45 (10)46 (10)41 (9)a
BMI (kg/m2)29.5 (6.8)28.9 (5.5)29.4 (4.6)32.9 (8.3)a28.6 (6.9)b30.9 (7.4)
Waist circumference (cm)101 (14)103 (14)b99 (11)100.7 (17.2)d91.4 (15.8)94.5 (16.2)
Hip circumference (cm)106 (14)106 (11)102 (8)a115.6 (16.4)d109.4 (14.9)109.5 (15.3)
Glucose (mg/dL)108 (52)98 (29)c104 (34)103.5 (48.3)95.4 (31.6)b107.6 (48.5)
Insulin (pmol/L) median (IQ)85 (103)75 (82)b91 (83)106 (94)68 (75)b103 (100)
HOMA2-IR (%) median (IQ)1.63 (1.93)1.42 (1.51)b1.72 (1.58)3.63 (3.77)2.23 (2.75)b3.51 (3.60)
Triglycerides (mg/dL) median (IQ)121 (120)d157 (121)170 (131)80 (52)d98 (75)111 (77)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)50 (15)d42 (10)42 (10)54 (15)55 (17)49 (12)a
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)128 (43)d142 (39)145 (41)125 (41)128 (38)129 (38)
Systolic blood pressure (Hg mm)132 (18)d127 (13)e124 (13)120 (15)d124 (16)129 (19)
Diastolic blood pressure (Hg mm)79 (10)79 (9)76 (9)a80 (10)d76 (9)78 (9)
% Metabolic syndrome30.033.935.042.431.539.3
% Diabetes mellitus13.25.69.711.35.610.8

Significantly different from Blacks and Whites; ; bsignificantly different from Blacks and Hispanics; ; csignificantly different from Blacks; ; dsignificantly different from Whites and Hispanic; ; esignificantly different from Hispanics; .