Table 1: Offspring characteristics.

BMSAMSP-values1

N (males)25 (10)25 (10)
Age (years)14.9 ± 6.29.6 ± 5.30.002
Anthropometric data
 BMI percentile69.2 ± 40.765.7 ± 32.60.80
 BMI Z-score1.84 ± 2.080.85 ± 1.470.22
 Fat percent229.9 ± 13.921.4 ± 10.30.07
 Severe obesity
BMI percentile > 98% ( )1230.01
BMI Z-score > 3 ( )710.05
Blood pressure
 SBP (mm Hg)111.3 ± 14.797.4 ± 14.60.01
 DBP (mm Hg)64.6 ± 9.853.4 ± 12.80.002
Lipid profile3
 Total-C (mmol/L)4.43 ± 0.664.21 ± 0.580.24
 LDL-C (mmol/L)2.65 ± 0.552.53 ± 0.580.53
 HDL-C (mmol/L)1.30 ± 0.291.30 ± 0.250.54
 TG (mmol/L)1.04 ± 0.430.82 ± 0.370.21
 Total-C/HDL-C3.56 ± 0.933.37 ± 0.850.87
Glucose metabolism3
 Fasting glucose (mmol/L)4.92 ± 0.434.71 ± 0.430.22
 Insulin (μU/mL)18.82 ± 12.2011.27 ± 7.36*0.03
 Homa-IR4.27 ± 3.232.43 ± 1.72*0.03

Values are presented as mean ± SD.
P-values adjusted for sex and puberty except for BMI percentile and BMI Z-score.
Fat percent at 6 years or more (BMS, ; AMS, ).
BMS, ; AMS, .
Abbreviations: AMS: after maternal surgery; BMS: before maternal surgery; BMI: body mass index; SBP and DBP: systolic diastolic and systolic blood pressure; Total-C: total cholesterol; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG: triglycerides.