Table 4: Comparison of anthropometric and behavioral changes between ACTION and standard care groups.

MeasuresACTION group
Standard care group
Between-group difference
Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI) value

Height (cm)
 Pre164.4 (161.2, 167.5)163.1 (158.4, 167.8)
 Post165.0 (161.7, 168.2)164.1 (159.1, 169.0)
 Difference 0.6 (0.0, 1.2) 1.0 (0.3, 1,6)−0.4 (−1.2, 0.5)0.31
Weight (kg)
 Pre78.5 (73.7, 83.4)78.1 (70.3, 85.9)
 Post80.2 (74.9, 85.6)80.6 (72.5, 88.8)
 Difference 1.7 (0.2, 3.2) 2.5 (0.8, 4.3)−0.8 (−3.1, 1.4)0.12
BMI percentiled
 Pre97.0 (92.8, 97.4)96.2 (91.6, 97.8)
 Post96.3 (92.1, 97.4)96.1 (91.9, 98.5)
 Difference −0.3 (−0.6, 0.3) 0.2 (−0.1, 0.8)−0.6 (−1.2, 0.1 )0.04
Waist circumference (cm)
 Pre89.9 (86.6, 93.2)89.9 (84.9, 94.8)
 Post89.9 (86.3, 93.4)91.5 (86.5, 96.5)
 Difference 0.0 (−1.4, 1.4) 1.7 (0.4, 2.9)−1.7 (−3.6, 0.2)0.04
YAQa calories/day
 Pre1916 (1807, 2225)2270 (1852, 2687)
 Post2086 (1700, 2473)2017 (1642, 2392)
 Difference170 (−300, 641) −252 (−729, 224)422 (−239, 1084)0.21
YAQa sweetened drinks (glasses/day)d
 Pre0.76 (0.34, 1.08)0.58 (0.30, 0.79)
 Post0.19 (0.15, .44)0.43 (0.16, 0.59)
 Difference −0.12 (−0.47, −0.08)−0.16 (−0.57, 0.22)−0.08 (−0.57, 0.41)0.23
YAQa fruits and vegetables (servings/day)d
 Pre2.81 (2.06, 4.36)1.91 (1.70, 3.52)
 Post2.48 (2.04, 3.44)1.71 (1.46, 2.12)
 Difference−0.22 (−0.72, 0.41) −1.16 (−0.56, −0.02)0.42 (−0.32, 1.26 )0.47
MVPAb by 3DPARc (30 minute blocks/day)d
 Pre1.4 (0.7, 3.7)2.0 (1.0, 3.3)
 Post1.7 (0.7, 3.3)1.0 (0.0, 4.0)
 Difference 0.0 (−2.0, 0.7)−0.9 (−1.3, 0.4)0.6 (−1.6, 2.0)0.63
MVPAb by accelerometer (mins/day)
 Pre49.4 (37.7, 61.2)64.7 (41.8, 87.6)
 Post65.9 (47.6, 84.2)57.6 (39.9, 75.4)
 Difference16.5 (−2.8, 35.8)−7.1 (−22.9, 8.7)23.6 (−3.4, 50.5 )0.08
Television weekday viewing (hours/day)d
 Pre1.8 (1.0, 2.4)1.6 (1.4, 2.2)
 Post1.0 (0.6, 1.4)1.8 (1.1, 2.4)
 Difference−0.4 (−1.0, 0.2) 0.2 (−0.3, 0.6)−0.7 (−1.6, 0.0)0.03
Television weekend viewing (hours/day)d
 Pre1.9 (1.5, 3.0)2.2 (1.5, 5.5)
 Post1.6 (0.8, 3.0)3.0 (2.2, 3.0)
 Difference−0.1 (−0.8, 0.0) 0.5 (−2.0, 1.5)−0.6 (−1.9, 1.3)0.17

YAQ: Youth Adolescent Questionnaire food frequency survey.
MVPA: moderate or vigorous physical activity.
3DPAR: 3-Day Physical Activity Recall.
Results are reported as median (95% CI). Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for value and bootstrap procedure was used for confidence intervals.