Table 1: Comparison of after-school programs.

Community (intervention)School-based (comparison)

Location(i) Community recreation center (i) Public school cafeteria

Who(i) Ages 5–14 yrs(i) Only open to students at that elementary school (5–10 yrs)

Program format(i) 3–6 PM(i) 3–6 PM
(ii) Transportation from neighborhood public schools to the community center
(iii) Parents pickup from the community center
(ii) Transportation not necessary
(iii) Parents pickup from school
(iv) Snacks provided (iv) Snacks provided
(v) Homework help provided(v) Homework help provided
(vi) Staff-led activities (children select activity)(vi) Unstructured play time (children select activity)

Stated physical activity goal(i) 60 minutes of activity/day(i) 45 min of moderate activity 3/week
(ii) 45 min of vigorous activity 2/week

Physical activities
(always available)
(i) Staff leads students through activities:
 (a) basketball scrimmage,
 (b) dance,
 (c) cross country,
 (d) swimming,
 (e) recreational games (e.g., flag tag, 4 square, and scooter relays)
(i) Staff supervises for safety:
 (a) playground,
 (b) gymnasium

Nonphysical activities
(always available)
(i) Arts and crafts(i) Arts and crafts
(ii) Reading
(iii) Board games, blocks

Physical activity resources
(used during the after-school program)
(i) Playground
(ii) Gymnasium with basketball court
(iii) 2 playing fields
(iv) Running trail
(v) Swimming pool
(i) Playground

Cost(i) Free of cost to families
(ii) Department of Parks and Recreation assumed operational costs
(iii) Public school system assumed transportation costs
(i) $46.50/week paid by family
(ii) Financial assistance available