Table 1: Characteristics of persons aged 54+ in the US, England, and Taiwan.

USEnglandTaiwan

N 151373841020
Age yrs. (mean)66.366.866.4
Men (%)43.752.856.5
Currently smoking* (%)24.513.922.5
Physical activity (%)58.582.261.4
Taking antihypertensive meds (%)47.132.028.6
At-risk levels of biomarkers (%)
 Systolic blood pressure (≥140 mm Hg)29.132.942.9
 Diastolic blood pressure (≥90 mm Hg)5.28.224.2
 Total cholesterol (≥240 mg/dL)17.627.314.6
 High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
 (<40 mg/dL)
16.29.427.4
 Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  (≥160 mg/dL)
11.918.617.1
 Triglycerides (≥200 mg/dL)23.614.710.6
 Fasting glucose (≥126 mg/dL)17.32.213.2
 C-Reactive protein (≥3 mg/L)39.935.0
 Interleukin-6 (≥4.64 pg/mL)6.4
 Glycated hemoglobin (≥6.4%)13.012.815.3
Summary risk (mean; range: 0–9)3.02.41.7
Summary risk (mean; range: 0–8)2.62.01.7

In Taiwan, this indicates having smoked in the past 6 months.