About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 709626, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/709626
Review Article

Short Tools to Assess Young Children's Dietary Intake: A Systematic Review Focusing on Application to Dietary Index Research

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, 5042, Australia
2Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Flinders Clinical and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
3Public Health Group, Sansom Institute of Health Research, University of South Australia, 5000, Australia

Received 12 December 2012; Revised 19 April 2013; Accepted 18 July 2013

Academic Editor: Sarah McNaughton

Copyright © 2013 Lucinda K. Bell et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. K. Kant, “Dietary patterns and health outcomes,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 615–635, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. B. Hu, “Dietary pattern analysis: a new direction in nutritional epidemiology,” Current Opinion in Lipidology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 3–9, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. K. Newby and K. L. Tucker, “Empirically derived eating patterns using factor or cluster analysis: a review,” Nutrition Reviews, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 177–203, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. WHO, “Obesity and overweight,” World Health Organization (WHO), 2011, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/.
  5. A. M. Craigie, A. A. Lake, S. A. Kelly, A. J. Adamson, and J. C. Mathers, “Tracking of obesity-related behaviours from childhood to adulthood: a systematic review,” Maturitas, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 266–284, 2010.
  6. NHMRC, Dietary Guidelines for Children and Adolescents in Australia Incorporating the Infant Feeding Guidelines for Health Workers, National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, Australia, 2003.
  7. NHMRC, Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents, National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, Australia, 2003.
  8. A. Magarey, R. K. Golley, N. Spurrier, E. Goodwin, and F. Ong, “Reliability and validity of the children's dietary questionnaire; a new tool to measure children's dietary patterns,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 257–265, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. G. Smithers, R. K. Golley, L. Brazionis, and J. W. Lynch, “Characterizing whole diets of young children from developed countries and the association between diet and health: a systematic review,” Nutrition Reviews, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 449–467, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Magarey, J. Watson, R. K. Golley et al., “Assessing dietary intake in children and adolescents: considerations and recommendations for obesity research,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 2–11, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. Flood, K. Webb, and A. Rangan, “Recommendations for short questions to assess food consumption in children for the NSW health surveys,” NSW Centre for Public Health Nutrition, 2005, http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/2005/pdf/qa_food_consump.pdf.
  12. T. Burrows, R. K. Golley, A. Khambalia, et al., “The quality of dietary intake methodology and reporting in child and adolescent obesity intervention trials: a systematic review,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 1125–1138, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. P. M. Gleason, J. Harris, P. M. Sheean, C. J. Boushey, and B. Bruemmer, “Publishing nutrition research: validity, reliability, and diagnostic test assessment in nutrition-related research,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 409–419, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Pallant, SPSS Survival Manual: A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS, Allen & Unwin, 4th edition, 2011.
  15. L. Kellet, A. Smith, and Y. Schmerlaib, Australian Guide to Healthy Eating, Department of Health and Family Services, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, Australia, 1998.
  16. L. G. Smithers, L. Brazionis, R. K. Golley et al., “Associations between dietary patterns at 6 and 15 months of age and sociodemographic factors,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 658–666, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. E. Ystrom, S. Niegel, and M. E. Vollrath, “The impact of maternal negative affectivity on dietary patterns of 18-month-old children in the Norwegian mother and child cohort study,” Maternal and Child Nutrition, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 234–242, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. L. Dee, A. J. Sharma, M. E. Cogswell, L. M. Grummer-Strawn, S. B. Fein, and K. S. Scanlon, “Sources of supplemental iron among breastfed infants during the first year of life,” Pediatrics, vol. 122, supplement 2, pp. S98–S104, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. D. Marriott, S. M. Robinson, J. Poole et al., “What do babies eat? Evaluation of a food frequency questionnaire to assess the diets of infants aged 6 months,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 751–756, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. F. Andersen, B. Lande, K. Trygg, and G. Hay, “Validation of a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire used among 2-year-old Norwegian children,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 757–764, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. F. Andersen, B. Lande, G. H. Arsky, and K. Trygg, “Validation of a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire used among 12-month-old Norwegian infants,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 881–888, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Lartey, A. Manu, K. H. Brown, J. M. Peerson, and K. G. Dewey, “Predictors of growth from 1 to 18 months among breast-fed Ghanaian infants,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 41–49, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Pabayo, J. C. Spence, L. Casey, and K. Storey, “Food consumption patterns in preschool children,” Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 66–71, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Lanfer, A. Hebestreit, W. Ahrens et al., “Reproducibility of food consumption frequencies derived from the children's eating habits questionnaire used in the IDEFICS study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 35, supplement 1, pp. S61–S68, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. Ebenegger, P. Marques-Vidal, J. Barral, S. Kriemler, J. J. Puder, and A. Nydegger, “Eating habits of preschool children with high migrant status in Switzerland according to a new food frequency questionnaire,” Nutrition Research, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 104–109, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. Kleiser, G. B. M. Mensink, C. Scheidt-Nave, and B. M. Kurth, “HuSKY: a healthy nutrition score based on food intake of children and adolescents in Germany,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 610–618, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. I. Huybrechts, G. de Backer, D. de Bacquer, L. Maes, and S. de Henauw, “Relative validity and reproducibility of a food-frequency questionnaire for estimating food intakes among flemish preschoolers,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 382–399, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. I. Huybrechts, D. de Bacquer, C. Matthys, G. de Backer, and S. de Henauw, “Validity and reproducibility of a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire for estimating calcium intake in Belgian preschool children,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 802–816, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. A. Randall Simpson, H. H. Keller, L. A. Rysdale, and J. E. Beyers, “Nutrition screening tool for every preschooler (NutriSTEP): validation and test-retest reliability of a parent-administered questionnaire assessing nutrition risk of preschoolers,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 770–780, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. D. Romaguera, N. Samman, A. Rossi, C. Miranda, A. Pons, and J. A. Tur, “Dietary patterns of the Andean population of Puna and Quebrada of Humahuaca, Jujuy, Argentina,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 390–397, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. Sullivan, M. Ndekha, D. Maker, C. Hotz, and M. J. Manary, “The quality of the diet in Malawian children with kwashiorkor and marasmus,” Maternal and Child Nutrition, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 114–122, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. L. Hoerr, M. A. Horodynski, S. Y. Lee, and M. Henry, “Predictors of nutritional adequacy in mother-toddler dyads from rural families with limited incomes,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 106, no. 11, pp. 1766–1773, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. G. Dewey, A. W. Onyango, and C. Garza, “Complementary feeding in the WHO multicentre growth reference study,” Acta Paediatrica, vol. 95, no. 450, pp. 27–37, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. N. T. Glanville and L. McIntyre, “Diet quality of atlantic families headed by single mothers,” Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 28–35, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. N. P. Steyn, J. H. Nel, G. Nantel, G. Kennedy, and D. Labadarios, “Food variety and dietary diversity scores in children: are they good indicators of dietary adequacy?” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 644–650, 2006.
  36. M. A. Caliendo, D. Sanjur, J. Wright, and G. Cummings, “Nutritional status of preschool children,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 20–26, 1977. View at Scopus
  37. M. T. Ruel and P. Menon, “Child feeding practices are associated with child nutritional status in Latin America: innovative uses of the demographic and health surveys,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 132, no. 6, pp. 1180–1187, 2002.
  38. S. M. Krebs-Smith and L. D. Clark, “Validation of a nutrient adequacy score for use with women and children,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 775–783, 1989. View at Scopus
  39. I. K. Crombie, K. Kiezebrink, L. Irvine et al., “What maternal factors influence the diet of 2-year-old children living in deprived areas? A cross-sectional survey,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1254–1260, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. L. Libuda, U. Alexy, A. E. Buyken, W. Sichert-Hellert, P. Stehle, and M. Kersting, “Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and its association with nutrient intakes and diet quality in German children and adolescents,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 101, no. 10, pp. 1549–1557, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Y. Manios, G. Kourlaba, K. Kondaki et al., “Diet quality of preschoolers in Greece based on the healthy eating index: the GENESIS study,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 4, pp. 616–623, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. Kranz, D. C. Mitchell, H. Smiciklas-Wright, S. H. Huang, S. K. Kumanyika, and N. Stettler, “Consumption of recommended food groups among children from medically underserved communities,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 4, pp. 702–707, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. T. Fungwe, P. M. Guenther, W. Y. Juan, et al., “The quality of children’s diets in 2003-2004 as measured by the healthy eating index—2005,” Clinical Nutrition Insight, vol. 43, pp. 1–2, 2009.
  44. S. Kranz, J. L. Findeis, and S. S. Shrestha, “Use of the revised children's diet quality index to assess preschooler's diet quality, its sociodemographic predictors, and its association with body weight status,” Jornal de Pediatria, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 26–34, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Kranz, T. Hartman, A. M. Siega-Riz, and A. H. Herring, “A diet quality index for American preschoolers based on current dietary ntake recommendations and an indicator of energy balance,” Journal of American Dietetic Association, vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 1594–1604, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. S. Kranz, A. M. Siega-Riz, and A. H. Herring, “Changes in diet quality of American preschoolers between 1977 and 1998,” The American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 9, pp. 1525–1530, 2004. View at Scopus
  47. D. R. Cox, J. D. Skinner, B. R. Carruth, J. Moran III, and K. S. Houck, “A food variety index for toddlers (VIT): development and application,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 97, no. 12, pp. 1382–1386, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. M. L. Campbell and D. Sanjur, “Single employed mothers and preschool-child nutrition: an ecological analysis,” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 67–74, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. W. P. Vogt, Dictionary of Statistics & Methodology: A Nontechnical Guide for the Social Sciences, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2nd edition, 1999.
  50. J. M. Bland and D. G. Altman, “Comparing methods of measurement: why plotting difference against standard method is misleading,” The Lancet, vol. 346, no. 8982, pp. 1085–1087, 1995. View at Scopus
  51. J. M. Bland and D. G. Altman, “Measuring agreement in method comparison studies,” Statistical Methods in Medical Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 135–160, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. J. Cade, R. Thompson, V. Burley, and D. Warm, “Development, validation and utilisation of food-frequency questionnaires—a review,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 567–587, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. L. A. Parrish, J. A. Marshall, N. F. Krebs, M. Rewers, and J. M. Norris, “Validation of a food frequency questionnaire in preschool children,” Epidemiology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 213–217, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. B. M. Margetts and M. Nelson, Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1997.
  55. P. M. C. M. Waijers, E. J. M. Feskens, and M. C. Ocké, “A critical review of predefined diet quality scores,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 219–231, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. C. Linneman, K. Hessler, S. Nanney, K. Steger-May, A. Huynh, and D. Haire-Joshu, “Parents are accurate reporters of their preschoolers' fruit and vegetable consumption under limited conditions,” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 305–308, 2004. View at Scopus
  57. T. A. Marshall, J. M. E. Gilmore, B. Broffitt, S. M. Levy, and P. J. Stumbo, “Relative validation of a beverage frequency questionnaire in children ages 6 months through 5 years using 3-day food and beverage diaries,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 714–720, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. C. A. Bennett, A. M. de Silva-Sanigorski, M. Nichols, A. C. Bell, and B. A. Swinburn, “Assessing the intake of obesity-related foods and beverages in young children: comparison of a simple population survey with 24 hr-recall,” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 6, article 71, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus