Table 1: General characteristics of included meta-analyses.

Meta-analysesStudiesParticipantsInterventionsOutcomes

Atlantis et al. [42]14481 boys and girls 8–16 years of age ( , )Supervised/unsupervised aerobics, strength training, aerobics + strength training; length ( , weeks), frequency (2–5x week), duration (10–60 minutes per session), intensity (aerobics 60%–80% ; strength 50%–100% 10RM), compliance (51%–88%), minutes per week (120–180) Body weight, BMI, percent body fat using DEXA, bioimpedence and hydrodensitometry, central obesity (waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, visceral adipose tissue)

McGovern et al. [43]17791 boys and girls (410 exercise, 381 control), approximately 5–18 years of age ( , )Supervised/unsupervised aerobics, strength training, aerobics + strength training; length (6–104 weeks, , ), frequency (1–7x week, , ), duration (30–75 minutes per session, = ), 90–200 minutes per week = ) BMI + (kg/m2, z-score, percentile, percent overweight, adjusted for height), percent body fat

Notes: : mean ± standard deviation; : maximum oxygen consumption; BMI: body mass index; DEXA: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.