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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 968754, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/968754
Research Article

Preliminary Blood Pressure Screening in a Representative Sample of Extremely Obese Kuwaiti Adolescents

1Department of Physiology, Arabian Gulf University (AGU), Road 2904, Building 293, 329 Manama, Bahrain
2CMMS, Arabian Gulf University (AGU), Road 2904, Building 293, 329 Manama, Bahrain

Received 21 July 2013; Revised 19 September 2013; Accepted 2 October 2013

Academic Editor: Yuichiro Yano

Copyright © 2013 Rima Abdul Razzak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A relationship between blood pressure (BP) and obesity has been found in young adults, but no data are available for adolescents in Kuwait. 257 adolescent (11–19 years) participants were categorized into two groups according to their BMI; 48 nonobese (21 males: 43.7% and 27 females: 56.3%) with mean age of years and 209 obese (128 males: 61.25% and 81 females: 38.75%) with mean age of years. The mean BMI was  kg/m2 for the nonobese group and  kg/m3 for the obese group. Most BP measures based on a single screening were significantly higher in the obese group. The prevalence of elevated BP was significantly higher in the obese subjects (nonobese: 13%; obese: 63%; ). In the obese group, there was a significant positive correlation between total sample BMI and all BP measures except the pulse pressure. There was a similar rate of elevated blood pressure between males and females (64% versus 60%; ). For both isolated systolic elevated BP and isolated diastolic elevated BP, the prevalences were comparable between the males (systolic: 42%; diastolic: 5%) and females (systolic: 34%; diastolic: 14%). Only systolic BP was positively correlated with BMI in obese adolescent males (Spearman ; ), with a significant correlation between BMI with diastolic (Spearman ; ) and mean BP (Spearman ; ) in females.