- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 271532, 7 pages
Joint Effects of Physical Activity and BMI on Risk of Hypertension in Women: A Longitudinal Study
1Centre for Longitudinal and Life Course Research, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston Road, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia
2School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Blair Drive, St. Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
Received 8 October 2013; Revised 19 November 2013; Accepted 28 November 2013; Published 23 January 2014
Academic Editor: Yuichiro Yano
Copyright © 2014 Caroline Jackson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- D. L. McGee, “Body mass index and mortality: a meta-analysis based on person-level data from twenty-six observational studies,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 87–97, 2005.
- E. J. Shiroma and I. Lee, “Physical activity and cardiovascular health: lessons learned from epidemiological studies across age, gender, and race/ethnicity,” Circulation, vol. 122, no. 7, pp. 743–752, 2010.
- M. Fogelholm, “Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 202–221, 2010.
- V. Hainer, H. Toplak, and V. Stich, “Fat or fit: what is more important?” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, supplement 2, pp. S392–S397, 2009.
- D. C. Lee, X. Sui, and S. N. Blair, “Does physical activity ameliorate the health hazards of obesity?” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 49–51, 2009.
- I. Lee and R. S. Paffenbarger Jr., “Associations of light, moderate, and vigorous intensity physical activity with longevity: the Harvard Alumni Health study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 151, no. 3, pp. 293–299, 2000.
- C. D. Lee, A. S. Jackson, and S. N. Blair, “US weight guidelines: is it also important to consider cardiorespiratory fitness?” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, vol. 22, supplement 2, pp. S2–S7, 1998.
- F. B. Hu, W. C. Willett, T. Li, M. J. Stampfer, G. A. Colditz, and J. E. Manson, “Adiposity as compared with physical activity in predicting mortality among women,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, no. 26, pp. 2694–2703, 2004.
- G. Hu, J. Tuomilehto, K. Silventoinen, N. Barengo, and P. Jousilahti, “Joint effects of physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio with the risk of cardiovascular disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women,” European Heart Journal, vol. 25, no. 24, pp. 2212–2219, 2004.
- T. Y. Li, J. S. Rana, J. E. Manson et al., “Obesity as compared with physical activity in predicting risk of coronary heart disease in women,” Circulation, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 499–506, 2006.
- J. Stevens, J. Cai, K. R. Evenson, and R. Thomas, “Fitness and fatness as predictors of mortality from all causes and from cardiovascular disease in men and women in the Lipid Research Clinics study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 156, no. 9, pp. 832–841, 2002.
- A. R. Weinstein, H. D. Sesso, I.-M. Lee et al., “The joint effects of physical activity and body mass index on coronary heart disease risk in women,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 168, no. 8, pp. 884–890, 2008.
- G. Hu, N. C. Barengo, J. Tuomilehto, T. A. Lakka, A. Nissinen, and P. Jousilahti, “Relationship of physical activity and body mass index to the risk of hypertension: a prospective study in Finland,” Hypertension, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 2004.
- C. Lee, A. J. Dobson, W. J. Brown et al., “Cohort Profile: the Australian longitudinal study on Women's Health,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 987–991, 2005.
- W. J. Brown, N. W. Burton, A. L. Marshall, and Y. D. Miller, “Reliability and validity of a modified self-administered version of the Active Australia physical activity survey in a sample of mid-age women,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 535–541, 2008.
- World Health Organisation, Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.
- J. R. Powers and A. F. Young, “Longitudinal analysis of alcohol consumption and health of middle-aged women in Australia,” Addiction, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 424–432, 2008.
- E. von Elm, D. G. Altman, M. Egger, S. J. Pocock, P. C. Gøtzsche, and J. P. Vandenbroucke, “The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 344–349, 2008.
- J. P. Forman, M. J. Stampfer, and G. C. Curhan, “Diet and lifestyle risk factors associated with incident hypertension in women,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 302, no. 4, pp. 401–411, 2009.
- W. J. Brown, K. C. Heesch, and Y. D. Miller, “Life events and changing physical activity patterns in women at different life stages,” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 294–305, 2009.
- T. Rankinen, T. S. Church, T. Rice, C. Bouchard, and S. N. Blair, “Cardiorespiratory fitness, BMI, and risk of hypertension: the HYPGENE study,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1687–1692, 2007.
- N. W. Burton, W. Brown, and A. Dobson, “Accuracy of body mass index estimated from self-reported height and weight in mid-aged Australian women,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 620–623, 2010.
- W. J. Brown, S. G. Trost, A. Bauman, K. Mummery, and N. Owen, “Test-retest reliability of four physical activity measures used in population surveys,” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 205–215, 2004.
- L. M. Martin, M. Leff, N. Calonge, C. Garrett, and D. E. Nelson, “Validation of self-reported chronic conditions and health services in a managed care population,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 215–218, 2000.
- Y. Okura, L. H. Urban, D. W. Mahoney, S. J. Jacobsen, and R. J. Rodeheffer, “Agreement between self-report questionnaires and medical record data was substantial for diabetes, hypertension, myocardial infarction and stroke but not for heart failure,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1096–1103, 2004.
- P. M. Kearney, M. Whelton, K. Reynolds, P. Muntner, P. K. Whelton, and J. He, “Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data,” The Lancet, vol. 365, no. 9455, pp. 217–223, 2005.
- G. A. Bray, “Health hazards of obesity,” Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 907–919, 1996.