About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 271532, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/271532
Research Article

Joint Effects of Physical Activity and BMI on Risk of Hypertension in Women: A Longitudinal Study

1Centre for Longitudinal and Life Course Research, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston Road, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia
2School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Blair Drive, St. Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

Received 8 October 2013; Revised 19 November 2013; Accepted 28 November 2013; Published 23 January 2014

Academic Editor: Yuichiro Yano

Copyright © 2014 Caroline Jackson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. L. McGee, “Body mass index and mortality: a meta-analysis based on person-level data from twenty-six observational studies,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 87–97, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. E. J. Shiroma and I. Lee, “Physical activity and cardiovascular health: lessons learned from epidemiological studies across age, gender, and race/ethnicity,” Circulation, vol. 122, no. 7, pp. 743–752, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Fogelholm, “Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 202–221, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. V. Hainer, H. Toplak, and V. Stich, “Fat or fit: what is more important?” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, supplement 2, pp. S392–S397, 2009. View at Scopus
  5. D. C. Lee, X. Sui, and S. N. Blair, “Does physical activity ameliorate the health hazards of obesity?” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 49–51, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. I. Lee and R. S. Paffenbarger Jr., “Associations of light, moderate, and vigorous intensity physical activity with longevity: the Harvard Alumni Health study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 151, no. 3, pp. 293–299, 2000. View at Scopus
  7. C. D. Lee, A. S. Jackson, and S. N. Blair, “US weight guidelines: is it also important to consider cardiorespiratory fitness?” International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, vol. 22, supplement 2, pp. S2–S7, 1998. View at Scopus
  8. F. B. Hu, W. C. Willett, T. Li, M. J. Stampfer, G. A. Colditz, and J. E. Manson, “Adiposity as compared with physical activity in predicting mortality among women,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, no. 26, pp. 2694–2703, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. Hu, J. Tuomilehto, K. Silventoinen, N. Barengo, and P. Jousilahti, “Joint effects of physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio with the risk of cardiovascular disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women,” European Heart Journal, vol. 25, no. 24, pp. 2212–2219, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Y. Li, J. S. Rana, J. E. Manson et al., “Obesity as compared with physical activity in predicting risk of coronary heart disease in women,” Circulation, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 499–506, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Stevens, J. Cai, K. R. Evenson, and R. Thomas, “Fitness and fatness as predictors of mortality from all causes and from cardiovascular disease in men and women in the Lipid Research Clinics study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 156, no. 9, pp. 832–841, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. R. Weinstein, H. D. Sesso, I.-M. Lee et al., “The joint effects of physical activity and body mass index on coronary heart disease risk in women,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 168, no. 8, pp. 884–890, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. Hu, N. C. Barengo, J. Tuomilehto, T. A. Lakka, A. Nissinen, and P. Jousilahti, “Relationship of physical activity and body mass index to the risk of hypertension: a prospective study in Finland,” Hypertension, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Lee, A. J. Dobson, W. J. Brown et al., “Cohort Profile: the Australian longitudinal study on Women's Health,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 987–991, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. J. Brown, N. W. Burton, A. L. Marshall, and Y. D. Miller, “Reliability and validity of a modified self-administered version of the Active Australia physical activity survey in a sample of mid-age women,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 535–541, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. World Health Organisation, Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.
  17. J. R. Powers and A. F. Young, “Longitudinal analysis of alcohol consumption and health of middle-aged women in Australia,” Addiction, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 424–432, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. E. von Elm, D. G. Altman, M. Egger, S. J. Pocock, P. C. Gøtzsche, and J. P. Vandenbroucke, “The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 344–349, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. P. Forman, M. J. Stampfer, and G. C. Curhan, “Diet and lifestyle risk factors associated with incident hypertension in women,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 302, no. 4, pp. 401–411, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. J. Brown, K. C. Heesch, and Y. D. Miller, “Life events and changing physical activity patterns in women at different life stages,” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 294–305, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Rankinen, T. S. Church, T. Rice, C. Bouchard, and S. N. Blair, “Cardiorespiratory fitness, BMI, and risk of hypertension: the HYPGENE study,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1687–1692, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. W. Burton, W. Brown, and A. Dobson, “Accuracy of body mass index estimated from self-reported height and weight in mid-aged Australian women,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 620–623, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. W. J. Brown, S. G. Trost, A. Bauman, K. Mummery, and N. Owen, “Test-retest reliability of four physical activity measures used in population surveys,” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 205–215, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. M. Martin, M. Leff, N. Calonge, C. Garrett, and D. E. Nelson, “Validation of self-reported chronic conditions and health services in a managed care population,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 215–218, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. Okura, L. H. Urban, D. W. Mahoney, S. J. Jacobsen, and R. J. Rodeheffer, “Agreement between self-report questionnaires and medical record data was substantial for diabetes, hypertension, myocardial infarction and stroke but not for heart failure,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1096–1103, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. M. Kearney, M. Whelton, K. Reynolds, P. Muntner, P. K. Whelton, and J. He, “Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data,” The Lancet, vol. 365, no. 9455, pp. 217–223, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. A. Bray, “Health hazards of obesity,” Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 907–919, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus