Table 1: Baseline characteristics of included and excluded women.

CharacteristicIncluded  

(%)
Excluded* 

(%)
-value

Age, mean years (±SD)47.6 (±1.5)47.6 (±1.5)0.137
Marital status
 Married/de facto7749 (84.3)834 (75.5) <0.001
 Divorced/separated/widowed1142 (12.5)222 (20.4)
 Single294 (3.2)48 (4.4)
Education
 No qualifications1520 (16.5)290 (28.2) <0.001
 School certificate4444 (48.2)506 (49.3)
 Trade/apprenticeship/higher education3253 (35.3)231 (22.5)
BMI (kg/m2)
 18.5–25 (healthy)5097 (56.5)483 (52.9) 0.14
 25–29 (overweight)2596 (28.8)283 (31.0)
 ≥30 (obese)1325 (14.7)147 (16.1)
Physical activity
 High1546 (16.9)174 (16.0) 0.001
 Moderate2394 (26.1)238 (21.9)
 Low2809 (30.6)324 (29.8)
 Nil/sedentary2420 (26.4)350 (32.2)
Smoking
 Never4824 (53.7)442 (44.2) <0.001
 Ex-smoker2597 (28.9)287 (28.7)
 Current 1571 (17.5)270 (27.0)
Alcohol intake
 Low risk4679 (51.0)431 (40.1) <0.001
 None1280 (14.0)202 (18.8)
 Rarely2750 (30.0)385 (35.8)
 Risky457 (5.0)57 (5.3)
History of diabetes175 (1.9)36 (3.4)0.001
History of cardiovascular disease193 (2.2)28 (8.7)<0.001

Women excluded due to missing data.