- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 614519, 8 pages
Impact of Weight Regain on Metabolic Disease Risk: A Review of Human Trials
Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, Room 506F, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Received 4 May 2014; Revised 15 July 2014; Accepted 4 August 2014; Published 14 August 2014
Academic Editor: Mark A. Pereira
Copyright © 2014 Cynthia M. Kroeger et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- L. Santarpia, F. Contaldo, and F. Pasanisi, “Body composition changes after weight-loss interventions for overweight and obesity,” Clinical Nutrition, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 157–161, 2013.
- K. A. Varady, “Intermittent versus daily calorie restriction: which diet regimen is more effective for weight loss?” Obesity Reviews, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. e593–e601, 2011.
- T. B. Chaston and J. B. Dixon, “Factors associated with percent change in visceral versus subcutaneous abdominal fat during weight loss: findings from a systematic review,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 619–628, 2008.
- K. Johansson, M. Neovius, and E. Hemmingsson, “Effects of anti-obesity drugs, diet, and exercise on weight-loss maintenance after a very-low-calorie diet or low-calorie diet: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 14–23, 2014.
- C. W. Bales and W. E. Kraus, “Caloric restriction: implications for human cardiometabolic health,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 201–208, 2013.
- J. H. O'Keefe, N. M. Gheewala, and J. O. O'Keefe, “Dietary strategies for improving post-prandial glucose, lipids, inflammation, and cardiovascular health,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 249–255, 2008.
- L. Fontana, “Calorie restriction and cardiometabolic health,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 3–9, 2008.
- C. K. Martin, S. K. Das, L. Lindblad et al., “Effect of calorie restriction on the free-living physical activity levels of nonobese humans: results of three randomized trials,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 956–963, 2011.
- L. M. Redman and E. Ravussin, “Caloric restriction in humans: impact on physiological, psychological, and behavioral outcomes,” Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 275–287, 2011.
- M. J. Franz, J. J. VanWormer, A. L. Crain et al., “Weight-loss outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of weight-loss clinical trials with a minimum 1-year follow-up,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 10, pp. 1755–1767, 2007.
- M. R. Lowe, T. V. E. Kral, and K. Miller-Kovach, “Weight-loss maintenance 1, 2 and 5 years after successful completion of a weight-loss programme,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 925–930, 2008.
- P. Sumithran and J. Proietto, “The defence of body weight: a physiological basis: for weight regain after weight loss,” Clinical Science, vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 231–241, 2013.
- M. W. Turk, K. Yang, M. Hravnak, S. M. Sereika, L. J. Ewing, and L. E. Burke, “Randomized clinical trials of weight loss maintenance,” Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 58–80, 2009.
- E. S. Blomain, D.A. Dirhan, M. A. Valentino, G. Won Kim, and S. A. Waldman, “Mechanisms of weight regain following weight loss,” ISRN Obesity, vol. 2013, Article ID 210524, 7 pages, 2013.
- J. K. Kaholokula, M. K. Mau, J. T. Efird et al., “A family and community focused lifestyle program prevents weight regain in Pacific Islanders: a pilot randomized controlled trial,” Health Education & Behavior, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 386–395, 2012.
- C. N. Ochner, D. M. Barrios, C. D. Lee, and F. X. Pi-Sunyer, “Biological mechanisms that promote weight regain following weight loss in obese humans,” Physiology and Behavior, vol. 120, pp. 106–113, 2013.
- M. Claessens, M. A. van Baak, S. Monsheimer, and W. H. M. Saris, “The effect of a low-fat, high-protein or high-carbohydrate ad libitum diet on weight loss maintenance and metabolic risk factors,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 296–304, 2009.
- N. E. Straznicky, M. T. Grima, N. Eikelis et al., “The effects of weight loss versus weight loss maintenance on sympathetic nervous system activity and metabolic syndrome components,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. E503–E508, 2011.
- S. Soenen, E. A. P. Martens, A. Hochstenbach-waelen, S. G. T. Lemmens, and M. S. Westerterp-plantenga, “Normal protein intake is required for body weight loss and weight maintenance, and elevated protein intake for additional preservation of resting energy expenditure and fat free mass,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 143, no. 5, pp. 591–596, 2013.
- A. B. Crujeiras, M. A. Zulet, P. Lopez-Legarrea, et al., “Association between circulating irisin levels and the promotion of insulin resistance during the weight maintenance period after a dietary weight-lowering program in obese patients,” Metabolism, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 520–531, 2014.
- P. Wang, C. Holst, W. K. W. H. Wodzig et al., “Circulating ACE is a predictor of weight loss maintenance not only in overweight and obese women, but also in men,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 1545–1551, 2012.
- L. F. Lien, A. M. Haqq, M. Arlotto et al., “The STEDMAN project: biophysical, biochemical and metabolic effects of a behavioral weight loss intervention during weight loss, maintenance, and regain,” OMICS, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 21–35, 2009.
- M. S. Linna, P. Borg, K. Kukkonen-Harjula et al., “Successful weight maintenance preserves lower levels of oxidized LDL achieved by weight reduction in obese men,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 245–253, 2007.
- A. Márquez-Quiñones, D. M. Mutch, C. Debard et al., “Adipose tissue transcriptome reflects variations between subjects with continued weight loss and subjects regaining weight 6 mo after caloric restriction independent of energy intake,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 975–984, 2010.
- T. R. Thomas, S. O. Warner, K. C. Dellsperger, et al., “Exercise and the metabolic syndrome with weight regain,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 3–10, 2010.
- P. Sumithran, L. A. Prendergast, E. Delbridge et al., “Long-term persistence of hormonal adaptations to weight loss,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 365, no. 17, pp. 1597–1604, 2011.
- E. A. Delbridge, L. A. Prendergast, J. E. Pritchard, and J. Proietto, “One-year weight maintenance after significant weight loss in healthy overweight and obese subjects: does diet composition matter?” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 1203–1214, 2009.
- T. Matsuo, Y. Kato, Y. Murotake, M.-K. Kim, H. Unno, and K. Tanaka, “An increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol after weight loss intervention is associated with long-term maintenance of reduced visceral abdominal fat,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 1742–1751, 2010.
- A. Blazek, J. Rutsky, K. Osei, A. Maiseyeu, and S. Rajagopalan, “Exercise-mediated changes in high-density lipoprotein: impact on form and function,” American Heart Journal, vol. 166, no. 35, pp. 392–400, 2013.
- K. G. M. M. Alberti, P. Zimmet, and J. Shaw, “Metabolic syndrome—a new world-wide definition. A consensus statement from the International Diabetes Federation,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 469–480, 2006.
- L. Schwingshackl and G. Hoffmann, “Comparison of effects of long-term low-fat vs high-fat diets on blood lipid levels in overweight or obese patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 113, no. 12, pp. 1640–1661, 2013.
- E. Papakonstantinou, D. Triantafillidou, D. B. Panagiotakos et al., “A high-protein low-fat diet is more effective in improving blood pressure and triglycerides in calorie-restricted obese individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 64, no. 6, pp. 595–602, 2010.
- L. J. Appel, T. J. Moore, E. Obarzanek, et al., “A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 336, no. 16, pp. 1117–1124, 1997.
- L. J. Appel, F. M. Sacks, V. J. Carey et al., “Effects of protein, monounsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intake on blood pressure and serum lipids,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 294, no. 19, pp. 2455–2464, 2005.
- T. Linn, B. Santosa, D. Grönemeyer et al., “Effect of long-term dietary protein intake on glucose metabolism in humans,” Diabetologia, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1257–1265, 2000.
- A. Tchernof and J.-P. Després, “Pathophysiology of human visceral obesity: an update,” Physiological Reviews, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 359–404, 2013.
- N. Pattyn, V. A. Cornelissen, S. R. T. Eshghi, and L. Vanhees, “The effect of exercise on the cardiovascular risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome: a meta-analysis of controlled trials,” Sports Medicine, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 121–133, 2013.
- K. Yamaoka and T. Tango, “Effects of lifestyle modification on metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” BMC Medicine, vol. 10, article 138, 2012.
- G. R. Herzberg, “Aerobic exercise, lipoproteins, and cardiovascular disease: benefits and possible risks,” Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2004.
- J. M. Geleijnse, F. J. Kok, and D. E. Grobbee, “Impact of dietary and lifestyle factors on the prevalence of hypertension in Western populations,” European Journal of Public Health, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 235–239, 2004.
- J. C. Seidell, L. Pérusse, J. P. Després, and C. Bouchard, “Waist and hip circumferences have independent and opposite effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Quebec Family Study,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 315–321, 2001.
- J. O. Ebbert and M. D. Jensen, “Fat depots, free fatty acids, and dyslipidemia,” Nutrients, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 495–508, 2013.
- F. Shirani, A. Salehi-Abargouei, and L. Azadbakht, “Effects of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on some risk for developing type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis on controlled clinical trials,” Nutrition, vol. 29, no. 7-8, pp. 939–947, 2013.