- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 834865, 12 pages
Continuous Exercise but Not High Intensity Interval Training Improves Fat Distribution in Overweight Adults
1Discipline of Exercise and Sports Science, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW 2141, Australia
2Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Received 18 July 2013; Revised 17 October 2013; Accepted 22 November 2013; Published 16 January 2014
Academic Editor: George P. Nassis
Copyright © 2014 Shelley E. Keating et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- C. A. Macera, D. A. Jones, M. M. Yore, S. A. Ham, C. D. Kimsey, and D. Buchner, “Prevalence of physical activity, including lifestyle activities among adults—United States, 2000-2001,” US Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2003.
- A. Bauman and N. Owen, “Physical activity of adult Australians: epidemiological evidence and potential strategies for health gain,” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 30–41, 1999.
- K. A. Burgomaster, K. R. Howarth, S. M. Phillips et al., “Similar metabolic adaptations during exercise after low volume sprint interval and traditional endurance training in humans,” The Journal of Physiology, vol. 586, no. 1, pp. 151–160, 2008.
- E. G. Trapp, D. J. Chisholm, J. Freund, and S. H. Boutcher, “The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on fat loss and fasting insulin levels of young women,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 684–691, 2008.
- L. Nybo, E. Sundstrup, M. D. Jakobsen et al., “High-intensity training versus traditional exercise interventions for promoting health,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1951–1958, 2010.
- J. A. Babraj, N. B. Vollaard, C. Keast, F. M. Guppy, G. Cottrell, and J. A. Timmons, “Extremely short duration high intensity interval training substantially improves insulin action in young healthy males,” BMC Endocrine Disorders, vol. 9, article 3, 2009.
- E. G. Ciolac, E. A. Bocchi, L. A. Bortolotto, V. O. Carvalho, J. M. D. Greve, and G. V. Guimaraes, “Effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training vs. moderate exercise on hemodynamic, metabolic and neuro-humoral abnormalities of young normotensive women at high familial risk for hypertension,” Hypertension Research, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 836–843, 2010.
- R. E. MacPherson, T. J. Hazell, T. D. Olver, D. H. Paterson, and P. W. R. Lemon, “Run sprint interval training improves aerobic performance but not maximal cardiac output,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 115–122, 2011.
- T. R. Thomas, S. B. Adeniran, and G. L. Etheridge, “Effects of different running programs on VO2 max, percent fat, and plasma lipids,” Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 55–62, 1984.
- K. A. Burgomaster, S. C. Hughes, G. J. F. Heigenhauser, S. N. Bradwell, and M. J. Gibala, “Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humans,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 1985–1990, 2005.
- J. P. Little, A. Safdar, G. P. Wilkin, M. A. Tarnopolsky, and M. J. Gibala, “A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms,” The Journal of Physiology, vol. 588, no. 6, pp. 1011–1022, 2010.
- M. S. Hood, J. P. Little, M. A. Tarnopolsky, F. Myslik, and M. J. Gibala, “Low-volume interval training improves muscle oxidative capacity in sedentary adults,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1849–1856, 2011.
- L. J. Whyte, J. M. R. Gill, and A. J. Cathcart, “Effect of 2 weeks of sprint interval training on health-related outcomes in sedentary overweight/obese men,” Metabolism, vol. 59, no. 10, pp. 1421–1428, 2010.
- K. Wallman, L. A. Plant, B. Rakimov, and A. J. Maiorana, “The effects of two modes of exercise on aerobic fitness and fat mass in an overweight population,” Research in Sports Medicine, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 156–170, 2009.
- J. C. Richards, T. K. Johnson, J. N. Kuzma et al., “Short-term sprint interval training increases insulin sensitivity in healthy adults but does not affect the thermogenic response to -adrenergic stimulation,” The Journal of Physiology, vol. 588, no. 15, pp. 2961–2972, 2010.
- I. E. Schjerve, G. A. Tyldum, A. E. Tjønna et al., “Both aerobic endurance and strength training programmes improve cardiovascular health in obese adults,” Clinical Science, vol. 115, no. 9, pp. 283–293, 2008.
- A. E. Tjønna, S. J. Lee, Ø. Rognmo et al., “Aerobic interval training versus continuous moderate exercise as a treatment for the metabolic syndrome: a pilot study,” Circulation, vol. 118, no. 4, pp. 346–354, 2008.
- T. Moholdt, I. L. Aamot, I. Granøien et al., “Aerobic interval training increases peak oxygen uptake more than usual care exercise training in myocardial infarction patients: a randomized controlled study,” Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 33–44, 2012.
- Ø. Rognmo, E. Hetland, J. Helgerud, J. Hoff, and S. A. Slørdahl, “High intensity aerobic interval exercise is superior to moderate intensity exercise for increasing aerobic capacity in patients with coronary artery disease,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 216–222, 2004.
- U. Wisløff, Ø. Ellingsen, and O. J. Kemi, “High-intensity interval training to maximize cardiac benefits of exercise training?” Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 139–146, 2009.
- D. E. R. Warburton, D. C. McKenzie, M. J. Haykowsky et al., “Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training for the rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 95, no. 9, pp. 1080–1084, 2005.
- J. P. Little, J. B. Gillen, M. E. Percival et al., “Low-volume high-intensity interval training reduces hyperglycemia and increases muscle mitochondrial capacity in patients with type 2 diabetes,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 1554–1560, 2011.
- A. Mourier, J.-F. Gautier, E. De Kerviler et al., “Mobilization of visceral adipose tissue related to the improvement in insulin sensitivity in response to physical training in NIDDM: effects of branched-chain amino acid supplements,” Diabetes Care, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 385–391, 1997.
- P. Boudou, E. Sobngwi, F. Mauvais-Jarvis, P. Vexiau, and J.-F. Gautier, “Absence of exercise-induced variations in adiponectin levels despite decreased abdominal adiposity and improved insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic men,” European Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 149, no. 5, pp. 421–424, 2003.
- A. E. Tjønna, T. O. Stølen, A. Bye et al., “Aerobic interval training reduces cardiovascular risk factors more than a multitreatment approach in overweight adolescents,” Clinical Science, vol. 116, no. 3-4, pp. 317–326, 2009.
- A. Tremblay, J.-A. Simoneau, and C. Bouchard, “Impact of exercise intensity on body fatness and skeletal muscle metabolism,” Metabolism, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 814–818, 1994.
- M. Heydari, J. Freund, and S. H. Boutcher, “The effect of high-intensity intermittent exercise on body composition of overweight young males,” Journal of Obesity, vol. 2012, Article ID 480467, 8 pages, 2012.
- E. G. Trapp, D. J. Chisholm, and S. H. Boutcher, “Metabolic response of trained and untrained women during high-intensity intermittent cycle exercise,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 293, no. 6, pp. 2370–2375, 2007.
- T. Guiraud, A. Nigam, V. Gremeaux, P. Meyer, M. Juneau, and L. Bosquet, “High-intensity interval training in cardiac rehabilitation,” Sports Medicine, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 587–605, 2012.
- R. Coppoolse, A. Schols, E. Baarends et al., “Interval versus continuous training in patients with severe COPD: a randomized clinical trial,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 258–263, 1999.
- S. Armijo-Olivo, S. Warren, and D. Magee, “Intention to treat analysis, compliance, drop-outs and how to deal with missing data in clinical research: a review,” Physical Therapy Reviews, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 36–49, 2009.
- G. Borg, “Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 377–381, 1982.
- H. Kuipers, F. T. J. Verstappen, and H. A. Keizer, “Variability of aerobic performance in the laboratory and its physiologic correlates,” International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 197–201, 1985.
- J. Hawley and T. Noakes, “Peak power output predicts maximal oxygen uptake and performance time in trained cyclists,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 79–83, 1992.
- K. G. M. M. Alberti, P. Zimmet, and J. Shaw, “Metabolic syndrome—a new world-wide definition. a consensus statement from the International Diabetes Federation,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 469–480, 2006.
- C. Bouchard, A. Tremblay, and C. Leblanc, “A method to assess energy expenditure in children and adults,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 461–467, 1983.
- C. E. Garber, B. Blissmer, M. R. Deschenes et al., “Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 1334–1359, 2011.
- American College of Sports Medicine, ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 8th edition, 2010.
- J. Myers, A. Kaykha, S. George et al., “Fitness versus physical activity patterns in predicting mortality in men,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 117, no. 12, pp. 912–918, 2004.
- S. Fujioka, Y. Matsuzawa, K. Tokunaga, and S. Tarui, “Contribution of intra-abdominal fat accumulation to the impairment of glucose and lipid metabolism in human obesity,” Metabolism, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 54–59, 1987.
- T. Nakamura, K. Tokunaga, I. Shimomura et al., “Contribution of visceral fat accumulation to the development of coronary artery disease in non-obese men,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 239–246, 1994.
- T. Pischon, H. Boeing, K. Hoffmann, et al., “General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 359, no. 20, pp. 2105–2120, 2008.
- C. Fox, J. M. Massaro, U. Hoffmann et al., “Abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue compartments: association with metabolic risk factors in the framingham heart study,” Circulation, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 39–48, 2007.
- I. Ismail, S. E. Keating, M. K. Baker, and N. A. Johnson, “A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of aerobic vs. resistance exercise training on visceral fat,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 68–91, 2012.
- B. Burguera, D. Proctor, N. Dietz, Z. Guo, M. Joyner, and M. D. Jensen, “Leg free fatty acid kinetics during exercise in men and women,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 278, no. 1, pp. 113–117, 2000.
- P. Arner, E. Kriegholm, P. Engfeldt, and J. Bolinder, “Adrenergic regulation of lipolysis in situ at rest and during exercise,” Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 893–898, 1990.
- M. A. Christmass, B. Dawson, and P. G. Arthur, “Effect of work and recovery duration on skeletal muscle oxygenation and fuel use during sustained intermittent exercise,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 436–447, 1999.
- C. J. Pritzlaff, L. Wideman, J. Blumer et al., “Catecholamine release, growth hormone secretion, and energy expenditure during exercise vs. recovery in men,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 937–946, 2000.
- B. A. Irving, C. K. Davis, D. W. Brock et al., “Effect of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 1863–1872, 2008.
- T. S. Church, C. K. Martin, A. M. Thompson, C. P. Earnest, C. R. Mikus, and S. N. Blair, “Changes in weight, waist circumference and compensatory responses with different doses of exercise among sedentary, overweight postmenopausal women,” PLoS One, vol. 4, no. 2, Article ID e4515, 2009.