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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 863498, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/863498
Clinical Study

Effect of Pterygium Surgery on Tear Osmolarity

1Department of Ophthalmology, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Medical School, 53100 Rize, Turkey
2Department of Ophthalmology, Haydarpasa Numune Research and Education Hospital, 34668 Istanbul, Turkey
3Maya Eye Hospital, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey

Received 7 November 2012; Accepted 10 January 2013

Academic Editor: Andrew G. Lee

Copyright © 2013 Kemal Türkyılmaz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To investigate changes of dry eye test results in patients who underwent pterygium surgery. Methods. Seventy-four patients who underwent primary pterygium surgery were enrolled in this study. At the baseline, 3-, 12-, and 18-month visits, measurements of tear osmolarity, BUT, and Schirmer test were performed. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Group 1, which consisted of patients in whom pterygium did not recur, and Group 2, which consisted of patients in whom pterygium recurred after surgery. Results. The patients in Group 1 had lower tear osmolarity levels after surgery than those at baseline (all ). In Group 2 the tear osmolarity levels did not differ from baseline after 18 months ( ). The prevalence rates of dry eye syndrome (DES) were lower than that at baseline and 18 months after surgery in Group 1 ( ). In Group 2, the incidence of DES was lower after 3 months than at baseline ( ) but was similar to the baseline rate after 12 and 18 months (both ). Conclusions. Anormal tear film function associated with pterygium. Pterygium excision improved tear osmolarity and tear film function. However, tear osmolarity deteriorated again with the recurrence of pterygium.