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Journal of Osteoporosis
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 729219, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/729219
Research Article

Osteoporosis Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Beliefs among College Students in the USA and China

1Bone Density Laboratory, The University of Mississippi, 222 Turner Center, Oxford, MS 38677, USA
2Medical-Surgical Department, School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, 22 Qi Xiang Tai Road, He Ping District, P.O. Box 300070, Tianjin, China

Received 16 December 2010; Revised 8 February 2011; Accepted 23 February 2011

Academic Editor: Robert Yood

Copyright © 2011 M. Allison Ford et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study investigated differences in osteoporosis knowledge, self-efficacy, and health beliefs among Chinese and American college students. Information obtained will be used in developing osteoporosis prevention programs for younger adults. Methods. Chinese ( ๐‘› = 4 0 9 ) and US ( ๐‘› = 4 0 8 ) college students completed the Osteoporosis Health Belief, Self-Efficacy, and Knowledge Tests. Results. Differences were seen in osteoporosis knowledge ( ๐‘€ u s = 1 4 . 5 2 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 1 1 . 8 2 ), exercise knowledge ( ๐‘€ u s = 8 . 1 6 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 9 . 0 4 ), calcium knowledge ( ๐‘€ u s = 8 . 4 7 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 9 . 7 3 ), perceptions of exercise benefits ( ๐‘€ u s = 2 4 . 0 7 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 2 1 . 0 9 ), calcium benefits ( ๐‘€ u s = 2 3 . 1 7 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 1 8 . 3 6 ), exercise barriers ( ๐‘€ u s = 1 1 . 7 5 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 1 4 . 9 6 ), calcium barriers ( ๐‘€ u s = 1 3 . 0 4 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 1 5 ), and exercise self-efficacy ( ๐‘€ u s = 7 3 . 7 1 , ๐‘€ C h i n e s e = 6 3 . 8 1 ). Conclusion. US college students know more about osteoporosis and its risk factors; however, there are similarities in perception of risk between US and Chinese students. Chinese students perceive greater barriers to reducing their risk through exercise and dietary calcium intake.