Table 5: Comparison of Osteoporosis Knowledge Test and Health Belief Scale scores of male and female college aged students from the USA.

Subscale (6–30 possible points)Female
Mean ± SD ( )
Male
Mean ± SD ( )
-test value

Total knowledge (184) (185)−2.59*.010
Exercise knowledge (186) (189)−2.03*.043
Calcium knowledge (187) (187)−2.12*.035
Susceptibility (200) (195)−6.32*.000
Seriousness (196) (196)−0.46.646
Benefits of exercise (203) (190)−0.71.480
Benefits of calcium (202) (191)−0.06.948
Barriers of exercise (201) (188)1.20.232
Barriers of calcium (200) (191)1.68.094
Health motivation (202) (190)−2.04*.042
Health belief total score, (42–210 possible points) (187) (176)−2.39*.017

*Significant at .