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Journal of Pregnancy
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 364381, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/364381
Review Article

Consequences in Infants That Were Intrauterine Growth Restricted

1Department of Gynecological Science and Human Reproduction, Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit, School of Medicine, University of Padua, Padua 35128, Italy
2Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Padua, Padua 35128, Italy

Received 28 November 2010; Accepted 23 January 2011

Academic Editor: Federico Prefumo

Copyright © 2011 Erich Cosmi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Intrauterine growth restriction is a condition fetus does not reach its growth potential and associated with perinatal mobility and mortality. Intrauterine growth restriction is caused by placental insufficiency, which determines cardiovascular abnormalities in the fetus. This condition, moreover, should prompt intensive antenatal surveillance of the fetus as well as follow-up of infants that had intrauterine growth restriction as short and long-term sequele should be considered.