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Journal of Pregnancy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 379461, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/379461
Research Article

Body Mass Index, Gestational Weight Gain, and Obstetric Complications in Moroccan Population

1Faculté de Médecine et Pharmacie, Université Mohammed V Souissi, Avenue Belarbi El Alaoui, BP 6203, Rabat, Morocco
2LBRCE, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Rabat, Université Mohammed V Souissi, Benslimane 13000, Morocco
3Equipe de Recherché en Santé et Nutrition du Couple Mere Enfant, CRECET, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Rabat, Université Mohammed V Souissi, Benslimane 13000, Morocco

Received 25 January 2013; Revised 26 March 2013; Accepted 8 May 2013

Academic Editor: Jeffrey Keelan

Copyright © 2013 Latifa Mochhoury et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate the impact of the body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy and the weight gain during pregnancy, on the occurrence of maternal and neonatal morbidity in the Moroccan population, as well as to analyze the quality of the weight gain depending on the BMI. Methods. A study was carried out over a period of one year from October 1, 2010 to October 1, 2011, using data collected from a descriptive-transversal study. We recruited nondiabetic women without several HTAs, delivering singletons from 37 completed weeks up to 42 weeks gestation. Results. Total of 1408 were analyzed. The risks of moderate hypertension, macrosomia, dystocia, and resort to cesarean section were higher among overweight or obese women, as well as among women whose weight gain was >16 kg. The differences were significant <0.05. Conclusion. This study demonstrates that overweight women before pregnancy and weight gain during pregnancy are associated with higher risks of maternal and neonatal complications. These data provide ideas on prevention opportunities.