Table 3: Neonatal complications according to BMI and weight gain.

Neonatal complications BMI groups kg/m2 Weight gain GP kg
<2020–24.925–29.9≥30<8 kg8 kg–16 kg>16 kg

Birth weight (g ± sd) <0.01* <0.01*
Low birth weight (%)7 (6.9)33 (3.8)11 (3.2)2 (2.3)0.31233 (6.2)19 (2.5)1 (0.9)<0.01*
Macrosomia (%)9 (8.8)119 (13.7)59 (17)35 (40.2)<0.01*42 (8)134 (17.2)46 (45.5)0.01*
Stillbirth (%)5 (4.9)32 (3.7)14 (4)1 (1.1)0.524 (4.5)27 (3.5)1 (0.9)0.2
Size (cm ± sd) 0.04* 0.68
Perimeter crania (cm ± sd) 0.04* 0.76

Significant ( ).
Quantitative variables were expressed in average ± standard deviation, and qualitative variables were expressed in numbers and percentages.