About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Pathogens
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 424123, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/424123
Review Article

Probiotics as Antiviral Agents in Shrimp Aquaculture

Department of Virology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502, India

Received 24 February 2013; Accepted 9 April 2013

Academic Editor: Cormac G. M. Gahan

Copyright © 2013 Bestha Lakshmi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Shrimp farming is an aquaculture business for the cultivation of marine shrimps or prawns for human consumption and is now considered as a major economic and food production sector as it is an increasingly important source of protein available for human consumption. Intensification of shrimp farming had led to the development of a number of diseases, which resulted in the excessive use of antimicrobial agents, which is finally responsible for many adverse effects. Currently, probiotics are chosen as the best alternatives to these antimicrobial agents and they act as natural immune enhancers, which provoke the disease resistance in shrimp farm. Viral diseases stand as the major constraint causing an enormous loss in the production in shrimp farms. Probiotics besides being beneficial bacteria also possess antiviral activity. Exploitation of these probiotics in treatment and prevention of viral diseases in shrimp aquaculture is a novel and efficient method. This review discusses the benefits of probiotics and their criteria for selection in shrimp aquaculture and their role in immune power enhancement towards viral diseases.