Journal of Probability The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation © 2015 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved. A Note on the Large Deviation Principle for Discrete Associated Random Variables Tue, 06 Jan 2015 09:29:39 +0000 We present sufficient conditions under which the sequence of arithmetic means , where , is the partial sum built on a stationary sequence of associated integer-valued and uniformly bounded random variables, which satisfy the large deviation principle. Przemysław Matuła and Maciej Ziemba Copyright © 2015 Przemysław Matuła and Maciej Ziemba. All rights reserved. Multivariate Option Pricing with Pair-Copulas Thu, 25 Dec 2014 07:35:31 +0000 We propose a copula-based approach to solve the option pricing problem in the risk-neutral setting and with respect to a structured derivative written on several underlying assets. Our analysis generalizes similar results already present in the literature but limited to the trivariate case. The main difficulty of such a generalization consists in selecting the appropriate vine structure which turns to be of D-vine type, contrary to what happens in the trivariate setting where the canonical vine is sufficient. We first define the general procedure for multivariate options and then we will give a concrete example for the case of an option written on four indexes of stocks, namely, the S&P 500 Index, the Nasdaq 100 Index, the Nasdaq Composite Index, and the Nyse Composite Index. Moreover, we calibrate the proposed model, also providing a comparison analysis between real prices and simulated data to show the goodness of obtained estimates. We underline that our pair-copula decomposition method produces excellent numerical results, without restrictive assumptions on the assets dynamics or on their dependence structure, so that our copula-based approach can be used to model heterogeneous dependence structure existing between market assets of interest in a rigorous and effective way. Anna Barban and Luca Di Persio Copyright © 2014 Anna Barban and Luca Di Persio. All rights reserved. On the Expected Number of Limited Length Binary Strings Derived by Certain Urn Models Mon, 27 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000 The expected number of 0-1 strings of a limited length is a potentially useful index of the behavior of stochastic processes describing the occurrence of critical events (e.g., records, extremes, and exceedances). Such model sequences might be derived by a Hoppe-Polya or a Polya-Eggenberger urn model interpreting the drawings of white balls as occurrences of critical events. Numerical results, concerning average numbers of constrained length interruptions of records as well as how on the average subsequent exceedances are separated, demonstrate further certain urn models. Frosso S. Makri and Zaharias M. Psillakis Copyright © 2014 Frosso S. Makri and Zaharias M. Psillakis. All rights reserved. The Generalized Inverse Generalized Weibull Distribution and Its Properties Wed, 06 Aug 2014 11:38:51 +0000 The Inverse Weibull distribution has been applied to a wide range of situations including applications in medicine, reliability, and ecology. It can also be used to describe the degradation phenomenon of mechanical components. We introduce Inverse Generalized Weibull and Generalized Inverse Generalized Weibull (GIGW) distributions. GIGW distribution is a generalization of several distributions in literature. The mathematical properties of this distribution have been studied and the mixture model of two Generalized Inverse Generalized Weibull distributions is investigated. Estimates of parameters using method of maximum likelihood have been computed through simulations for complete and censored data. Kanchan Jain, Neetu Singla, and Suresh Kumar Sharma Copyright © 2014 Kanchan Jain et al. All rights reserved. On the Preservation of Infinite Divisibility under Length-Biasing Mon, 21 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0000 The law of has distribution function and first moment . The law of the length-biased version of has by definition the distribution function . It is known that is infinitely divisible if and only if , where is independent of . Here we assume this relation and ask whether or is infinitely divisible. Examples show that both, neither, or exactly one of the components of the pair can be infinitely divisible. Some general algorithms facilitate exploring the general question. It is shown that length-biasing up to the fourth order preserves infinite divisibility when has a certain compound Poisson law or the Lambert law. It is conjectured for these examples that this extends to all orders of length-biasing. Anthony G. Pakes Copyright © 2014 Anthony G. Pakes. All rights reserved. Hitting Times of Walks on Graphs through Voltages Tue, 20 May 2014 12:52:57 +0000 We derive formulas for the expected hitting times of general random walks on graphs, in terms of voltages, with very elementary electric means. Under this new light we revise bounds and hitting times for birth-and-death Markov chains and for walks on graphs with cutpoints, and give some exact computations on the necklace graph. We also prove Tetali’s formula for hitting times without making use of the reciprocity principle. In fact this principle follows as a corollary of our argument that also yields as corollaries the triangular inequality for effective resistances and the reversibility of the sum of hitting times around a tour. José Luis Palacios, Eduardo Gómez, and Miguel Del Río Copyright © 2014 José Luis Palacios et al. All rights reserved. Wiener-Itô Chaos Expansion of Hilbert Space Valued Random Variables Mon, 07 Apr 2014 16:23:36 +0000 The notion of -fold iterated Itô integral with respect to a cylindrical Hilbert space valued Wiener process is introduced and the Wiener-Itô chaos expansion is obtained for a square Bochner integrable Hilbert space valued random variable. The expansion can serve a basis for developing the Hilbert space valued analog of Malliavin calculus of variations which can then be applied to the study of stochastic differential equations in Hilbert spaces and their solutions. M. A. Alshanskiy Copyright © 2014 M. A. Alshanskiy. All rights reserved. Marshall-Olkin Discrete Uniform Distribution Mon, 07 Apr 2014 11:17:36 +0000 We introduce and characterize a new family of distributions, Marshall-Olkin discrete uniform distribution. The natures of hazard rate, entropy, and distribution of minimum of sequence of i.i.d. random variables are derived. First order autoregressive (AR (1)) model with this distribution for marginals is considered. The maximum likelihood estimates for the parameters are found out. Also, the goodness of the distribution is tested with real data. E. Sandhya and C. B. Prasanth Copyright © 2014 E. Sandhya and C. B. Prasanth. All rights reserved.