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Journal of Skin Cancer
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 621968, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/621968
Review Article

Germ Cell Proteins in Melanoma: Prognosis, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Theories on Expression

1Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA
2Anna Fund Melanoma Program, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Room 912, BRB, 1501 NW 10th Avenue, Miami, FL 33136, USA
3Department of Dermatology and Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Room 912, BRB, 1501 NW 10th Avenue, Miami, FL 33136, USA

Received 30 June 2012; Accepted 16 October 2012

Academic Editor: Mohammed Kashani-Sabet

Copyright © 2012 Ashley M. Rosa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Germ cell protein expression in melanoma has been shown to correlate with malignancy, severity of disease and to serve as an immunologic target for therapy. However, very little is known about the role that germ cell proteins play in cancer development. Unique germ cell pathways include those involved in immortalization, genetic evolution, and energy metabolism. There is an ever increasing recognition that within tumors there is a subpopulation of cells with stem-cell-like characteristics that play a role in driving tumorgenesis. Stem cell and germ cell biology is intertwined. Given the enormous potential and known expression of germ cell proteins in melanoma, it is possible that they represent a largely untapped resource that may play a fundamental role in tumor development and progression. The purpose of this paper is to provide an update on the current value of germ cell protein expression in melanoma diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy, as well as to review critical germ cell pathways and discuss the potential roles these pathways may play in malignant transformation.